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Top Wineries in Napa and Sonoma for the Sustainable Traveler

sustainable tourism in kenya case study

Did you know that the wineries in California produced 278 million out of the 314.2 million wine cases manufactured in the United States in 2020? Napa Valley and Sonoma County have a vast array of wineries that produce this large amount of wine.

But, how many of these facilities truly care about the environment and the natural health of the locales in their practices? If you are a wine lover and value sustainable business practices, consider visiting these wineries in the Napa and Sonoma region.

Spottswoode Winery

Spottwoode’s Winery stands for sustainability and nature care. It grows sweet and juicy grapes to produce opulent wine. St Helena is home to this 42-acre estate vineyard paradise. The regenerative and biodynamic farming practices show the owners’ commitment to the environment. They’re also significant advocates of social equity, justice, and inclusion.

How do they pursue these values? They work closely with biodynamic specialists to cultivate an organic farmyard. The winery also employs community members in the farmyard. Their treatment of and appreciation for their staff demonstrate their commitment to these practices. As a result, Spottwoode is the first in Napa County to receive the Napa green Vineyard and Winery certifications . The California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF) also certified the vineyard in 1992.

Benziger Family Winery

Benziger Family Winery practices sustainable farming using biodynamic methods for two significant reasons. First, they care about the environment and intend to leave it better than they found it. Second, the family believes sustainable farming is the only way to make distinctive, authentic wine.

The CCOF certifies them organic because of their natural farming methods. These include tillage and crop rotation for maintaining soil health and controlling weeds. Likewise, Demeter certifies them as biodynamic because they maintain the vineyard with natural practices like composting and support for the predator-prey relationship. Every sustainable traveler should explore unique tours and tastings on Sonoma Mountain at Benziger Family Winery. 

Ehlers Estate

Ehlers Estate has a unique microclimate and a rich history. The 42-acre property is between Mayacamas Mountains and the Vaca Mountains. They use organic farming and biodiversity practices in their vineyards to preserve these beautiful areas. They have been producing grapes since the mid-1800s and still create extraordinary Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, and many other varieties even today.

Their laser focus on all processing stages nearly guarantees high-quality wines. Starting from cultivation all the way to bottling, Ehlers Estate uses natural and organic methods. For example, they cultivate grapes with only certified organic and Earth-friendly practices. All these practices and elements at the Ehlers Estate combine to give you an expansive fruit selection. Make sure to take a trip there whenever you’re in Napa and Sonoma.

CADE Estate Winery

CADE Estate winery follows all three pillars of sustainable tourism, including environmental, social, and economic sustainability. They execute environmental sustainability by maintaining natural cultivation and organic farming programs. As proof, the LEED program certifies the facility as green, healthy, and efficient.

Also, they run a profitable business without affecting their social and environmental goals. For instance, most of the buildings were built with recycled steel and plastics. Likewise, they salvaged trees almost ruined in the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami to create their lounge tables. These practices mean they get to reduce waste and cost while building.

Lastly, they maintain social responsibility by measuring performance in five major aspects of human and environmental health . These include the following:

  • Energy efficiency
  • Water savings
  • Materials selection
  • Indoor environmental quality
  • Site development

Essentially, they run the winery in the interest of their employees, communities and stakeholders. All these practices help them to cater to their present needs without hindering future generations from doing the same. You can experience all these values in action at an elevation of 1,800 feet atop Howell Mountain at CADE wineries.

St. Supery Winery

St. Supery Winery is located in the Rutherford region in the heart of the Napa Valley. It is one of the largest wineries in Napa and Sonoma upholding the values of sustainability. This facility is all about growing wine and veggies without threatening the environment. Here, you’ll find Sauvignon blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and other red Bordeaux varieties.

St. Supery maintains a 100% estate-grown winery on over 1,530 acres . Over two-thirds of this landscape is left in its natural state to boost biodiversity. You can explore one of the vineyards at Dollar Estate Vineyards .


sustainable tourism in kenya case study


Content and case studies in context for post-16 Geography

Case study: Kenya’s national tourism strategy

By Matt Burdett, 2 December 2017

On this page, we look at Kenya’s national tourism strategy as an example of the costs and benefits of tourism as a national development strategy, including economic and social/cultural effects.

Page contents

Welcome to Kenya!

sustainable tourism in kenya case study

Case study: Kenya’s national tourism strategy: Learning activities

  • Describe the importance of tourism to Kenya’s economy. [3]
  • Describe the changes in tourist arrivals to Kenya. [3]
  • Describe the changes in income from tourism in Kenya. [3]
  • Outline the main principles behind the National Tourism Strategy 2013-18. [5]
  • Has the strategy been a success? Explain your answer. [5]
  • Outline the main principles behind the Vision 2013 strategy in relation to tourism. [4]

Other tasks

With regard to tourism, do you think the Vision 2030 strategy will be successful? Explain your answer. Consider both the elements of the Vision that are within the control of Kenya and those that are not.

Going further

  • https://thekenyancamper.com/2016/05/09/kenyas-tourism-statistics-the-numbers-game/ This is a very detailed resource although written in a very accessible way.
  • https://www.knbs.or.ke/data-releases/ A rich resource of further statistical information including details about hotel occupancy and so on.

Sustainable tourism - CCEA Case study: Ecotourism in the Maasai Mara, Kenya

Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries with the Middle East and Asia experiencing the biggest growth. What are the reasons behind these trends?

Case study: Ecotourism in the Maasai Mara, Kenya

Tourism and Socioeconomic Development in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Mombasa Resort in Kenya

Profile image of damiannah kieti

2007, Journal of Sustainable Tourism

This paper looks at issues surrounding sustainable tourism as a tool for local socio-economic development in Kenya, using the case study of Mombasa Resort Town. Illustrated by primary data from field interviews and surveys in Mombasa, backed by secondary data, it finds that due to the nature of the Kenyan tourism industry (external control and management of tourism establishments, limited local involvement and high leakage rates), the industry has not played an effective role in local socio-economic development. Ways forward are suggested.

Related Papers

Progress in Tourism and Hospitality Research

sustainable tourism in kenya case study


Tourism is an important industry in many developing countries. It helps to ensure sustainable development and achievement of Millennium development Goals (MDGs). In the past few decades, the issue of how to minimize the negative effects of tourism on natural and cultural environments and maximize its positive effects on economic development has been a major topic for tourism researchers and practitioners. Successful tourism-related policies not only can deliver economic benefits to communities, regions, and countries, but also can facilitate their sustainable economic, environmental, and cultural development. Within this context, it is important for policy-makers to incorporate sustainable initiatives into tourism-related policy making. The question of how policy-makers can incorporate sustainable initiatives into tourism-related policy making in a way that will allow them to develop implementable policies and achieve sustainable tourism is, however, not a simple question to answer. In this paper, we examine the benefits of tourism dynamics to regional development and conclude on its potentials in transforming the rural poor's life. Tourism industry is a veritable tool for poverty alleviation, attainment of the millennium goals (MDGs), and sustainable development (Olorunfemi & Raheem 2008). This paper is therefore motivated by the Millennium development goals (MDGs) and the Kenya vision 2030 which aim to eradicate poverty and hunger through sustainable development. This study therefore aim at contributing to this area by investigating how sustainable tourism development through system dynamics approach could reduce poverty and hunger and ensure that there is even development in Kenya. ©Emerging Academy Resources

International Journal of Tourism Research

International Journal of African and Asian Studies

Elif GÜNDÜZ , Collins Agai

Recent studies show that tourism in developing countries, like many in Africa can help with economic development because barriers to entry into the international market are lower than for most external trade sectors (Christie 1). Tourism expenditures can provide a significant stimulus to other production and service sectors, and it has the ability to alleviate poverty, preserve and honor cultural heritage, help protect the environment, and international tourism is a relatively high growth industry (Christie 1). Countries like Kenya are in a position to reap the benefits of economic development through international tourism because people are interested in experiencing the ancient Maasai culture, going on a safari to see the “big five” and experiencing what extreme poverty looks like. This draw to tourist can be beneficial to Kenya because it has the ability to boost their GDP, create jobs amongst many different sectors, and help with environmental protection.

International Journal of Academics & Research, IJARKE Journals

Domestic tourism has proven to be an important driver of tourism industry globally. In Kenya, tourism industry is a critical economic pillar. Empirical evidence reveals that domestic tourism accounts for a huge amount of travel and tourism spending. Globally, domestic tourism has equally generated many employment opportunities and contributed to the overall economic growth. While seasonality is a common phenomenon in the travel industry, domestic tourism has been a useful tool to ameliorate the negative impacts of seasonality. The recent global health pandemic (Covid-19) has greatly affected international tourism – a market that many tourism destinations (such as Kenya) depend on. At the height of Covid -19, followed the ban on international flights to Kenya, the country saw a sharp drop in international arrivals (from 1.5 million 2019 to 0.4 million at the end of 2020). This paper seeks to put into perspective the role of domestic tourism amid such crises, in sustaining tourism related businesses in Kenya. A desktop review was adopted to establish how domestic tourism has and is supporting the tourism sector. The review questions included the following: (i) what is the potential of domestic tourism in Kenya. (ii) What are the current trends of domestic tourism in Kenya, (iii) what are the constraints limiting the uptake of tourism in Kenya? Findings of the review revealed that domestic tourism is an important niche market that has played a critical role during Covid-19 pandemic and should never be underestimated. Among the constraints identified were lack of awareness, and price related constraints. Some of the popular trends in domestic tourism in Kenya includes; increase in day trips/excursions, seaside resort tourism, and visit to game parks/reserves and sightseeing. These findings are key in guiding tourism policy development and implementations to focus on domestic tourism.


leanard juma

Community-Based Tourism (CBT) has been pushed as one of the strategies for poverty alleviation and it might enhance the sustainability of marginalized regions and communities. However, tourism has also been argued to carry seeds for its own destruction and therefore presents a great dilemma and developmental paradox. This research sought to establish perceptions of the citizenry towards community-based tourism as a sustainable development strategy for rural regions in Kenya. The study focused on the awareness levels of CBT, and perceived contributions of CBT to the socio-economic and physical sustainability of rural regions in Kenya. A descriptive research design was adopted with a sample of 395 respondents. Data collected were collated and analyzed using SPSS 25 and Nvivo 12. Findings revealed that agriculture and other economic activities can be integrated with tourism and hospitality to deliver sustainable development in rural regions given the vast resources and attributes ideal...

Tourism Analysis

mark yobesia

As in many other developing countries, tourism is one of the key drivers of Kenya's socioeconomic development. At independence in 1963, Kenya depended mainly on its exports of agricultural products such as coffee and tea for foreign exchange. However, with the decline in world market prices of these primary products, the country has turned to tourism as an alternative. In spite of the growing importance of tourism as a key industry, little information is available on the holistic economic impacts and the pathways through which these impacts are affected in the Kenyan economy. Without information on how tourism as a complex industry is linked to the other sectors of the economy, policy makers will be at a loss on how to effectively stimulate its growth, develop capacity, and enhance its positive impacts. This research proposes to use data from the Kenya Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) 2001 to examine the impact of tourism on production, value added, and employment. From the comple...

African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure

This study examined the socioeconomic factors that affect domestic tourism in Mombasa, Nairobi and Nakuru with a view of addressing them in order to improve domestic tourism consumption in Kenya. The study targeted 600 respondents from among those who had participated or intended to participate in domestic tourism, using a questionnaire as the tool for data collection. It investigated a sample of a cross-section of the tourist stakeholders and through questionnaires schedules, obtained data from respondents consisting of those who had participated or intended to participate in domestic tourism. The respondents from the tourist industry players in the regions was selected using purposive and stratified random sampling methods. A total of 558 respondents out of 600 filled out the instruments at a response rate of 93%. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics . It was established that the level of education (86%) and income (76%) were the major contributing fa...

Tourism Management Perspectives

Haushila Prasad


Festus Mburu

Annals of Tourism Research

Peter Dieke

Tourism Planning & Development

Fuchaka Waswa

Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research)

Oscar Kambona

IOSR Journals

Emmanuel A . Adu-Ampong

International Journal of Business and Social Research

Patrick Hayombe , Joshua Wanga

Georges Otieno

Rayviscic Mutinda

The Routeledge Companion to Business in Africa

In: Kagermeier, A. & J. Saarinen (Hrsg.): Transforming and Managing Destinations: Tourism and Leisure in a Time of Global Change and Risks. Mannheim 2012, S. 197 - 208 (= Studien zur Freizeit- und Tourismusforschung, 7) (Autoren G. Kobs & A. Kagermeier)

Andreas Kagermeier


Benard Kogola

Lucy Obare , Joseph M Njoroge

Lorna Okotto , isaac nyamweno

Joseph Mwaniki

The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention


Riccardo Pelizzo

Michelle Christian

European Scientific Journal

DORCAS AYENI , Obas John Ebohon

Dr Mahesh Chandra Uniyal

Albert Kimbu

Bernd Herbert

International Journal of Research in Tourism and Hospitality


oluwatosin oloruntoba

thobeka dlomo

Universal Journal of Management

Lawrence Wangombe

Rosemary Black


Rashmita Barua

Jarkko Saarinen

Joseph M Njoroge

Pacific Journal of Science and Technology. 15(1):458-483

Medani Bhandari


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Sustainable development

Abstract [en].

To keep in mind while reading and focus of the thesis:

-       Sustainable tourism, what is it and who is it for? 

-       How can the tourist industry affect cultures? 

-       Why do some hosting population fear culture losses but happily receive tourists? 

-       Why do people choose to travel? 

-       What and how can I as an individual contribute? 

The numbers of international tourists are steadily increasing along globalization, which makes it an important phenomenon to highlight. The tourist industry contributes to global development, which would preferably be done through sustainability’s three pillars: economically, socially, and environmentally. Sustainable development and eco-tourism are the main fields for this research. Based on the wish to avoid disturbing peace and harming people, the topic is relevant to investigate. The field study aims to explore and understand the correlations between the development of the tourist industry and the Maasai communities. 

Different stakeholders were defined within the tourist industry, to collect various perspectives on this matter through semi-structured interviews and field observations. I choose to investigate the topic by focusing on the world known ethnic group Maasai´s. By centering the conditions of a village based in Siana conservancy, which is located next to Maasai Mara in Kenya. The village consists of habitats who practice traditional and culture settlements. Thus, the interest of the study is to explore and explain why Maasai cannot be viewed as an homogenic ethnic group, with the aim to reduce assumptions. 

Social Exchange Theory (SET) was applied as a lens to analyze the findings. To discuss possible reasonings when calculating expected outcomes made by the stakeholders, whether to socially interact based on the key principles in the theory: evaluating profits versus costs before socially engaging. 

The findings identify complications with the social exchange that the tourist industry implies. However, the Maasai´s culture based on livestock came to be a central topic from the stakeholder’s perspectives while I was processing and writing the findings. Furthermore, other topics that were highlighted were: education, equity, and education. Lastly, the village members shared a significant fear regarding culture loss, even though they welcomed the root cause of it to continue and even expand - tourism. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages

Keywords [en], national category, identifiers, subject / course, educational program, presentation, supervisors, fritz, heiko, universitetslektor, edwald, jonas, universitetslektor, open access in diva.

sustainable tourism in kenya case study

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By organisation, on the subject, search outside of diva, altmetric score.


  1. Empowering Maasai Communities in Kenya through Sustainable Tourism

    sustainable tourism in kenya case study

  2. Empowering Maasai Communities in Kenya through Sustainable Tourism

    sustainable tourism in kenya case study

  3. Tourism and Socio-economic Development in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Mombasa Resort

    sustainable tourism in kenya case study

  4. Kenya

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  5. Kenya Sustainable Travel & Ecotourism

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  6. Empowering Maasai Communities in Kenya through Sustainable Tourism

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  1. HOW Sustainable development goals village event was at Kenya national museum.#vision 2030# Africa

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