business ethics case studies australia

  • Business Ethics Cases
  • Markkula Center for Applied Ethics
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  • Business Ethics
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Find ethics case studies on bribery, sourcing, intellectual property, downsizing, and other topics in business ethics, corporate governance, and ethical leadership. (For permission to reprint articles, submit requests to [email protected] .)

In this business ethics case study, Swedish multinational company IKEA faced accusations relating to child labor abuses in the rug industry in Pakistan which posed a serious challenge for the company and its supply chain management goals.

A dog may be humanity’s best friend. But that may not always be the case in the workplace.

A recent college graduate works in the finance and analytics department of a large publicly traded software company and discovers an alarming discrepancy in sales records, raising concerns about the company’s commitment to truthful reporting to investors. 

What responsibility does an employee have when information they obtained in confidence from a coworker friend may be in conflict with the needs of the company or raises legal and ethical questions.

A manager at a prominent multinational company is ethically challenged by a thin line between opportunity for economic expansion in a deeply underserved community, awareness of child labor practices, and cultural relativism.

A volunteer providing service in the Dominican Republic discovered that the non-profit he had partnered with was exchanging his donor money on the black market, prompting him to navigate a series of complex decisions with significant ethical implications.

The CFO of a family business faces difficult decisions about how to proceed when the COVID-19 pandemic changes the business revenue models, and one family shareholder wants a full buyout.

An employee at an after-school learning institution must balance a decision to accept or decline an offered gift, while considering the cultural norms of the client, upholding the best interests of all stakeholders, and following the operational rules of his employer. 

A senior vice president for a Fortune 500 savings and loan company is tasked with the crucial responsibility of representing the buyer in a multi-million dollar loan purchase deal and faces several ethical challenges from his counterpart representing the seller.

Extensive teaching note based on interviews with Theranos whistleblower Tyler Shultz. The teaching note can be used to explore issues around whistleblowing, leadership, the blocks to ethical behavior inside organizations, and board governance.

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Why Modern Business Is Bad for Your Mental Health

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Why AI Customer Journeys Need More Friction

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Managing the Immoral Employee

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Case Study: Your Star Salesperson Lied. Should He Get a Second Chance?

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The Values Proposition: Do Small Things with Great Love

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Volkswagen and the End of Corporate Spin

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Dope, Dopes, and Dopamine: The Problem With Money

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business ethics case studies australia

Why Accountability Is So Muddled, and How to Un-Muddle It

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business ethics case studies australia

Bring Human Values to AI

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  • From the March–April 2024 Issue

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HBR’s Picks on Managing Social and Political Issues at Work

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business ethics case studies australia

A Leader’s Guide to Navigating Employee Activism

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Corporate Advocacy in a Time of Social Outrage

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Maintaining Customer Loyalty in the Face of Inflation

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business ethics case studies australia

A Better Way for Companies to Address Pay Gaps

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How to Vet a Corporate Intelligence Vendor

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4 Questions to Assess the Trustworthiness of Your Company’s GenAI

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business ethics case studies australia

AI Is Testing the Limits of Corporate Governance

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business ethics case studies australia

How Leaders Can Be Stewards of “Good Tech”

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business ethics case studies australia

How Companies Can Build Trustworthy AI Assistants

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Unifying Your Company Around a Moral Goal

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To Prove Your Company Isn’t Greenwashing, Endorse Smart Regulation

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A Strong Purpose Can Make Your Company a Magnet for Talent

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business ethics case studies australia

How Leaders Can Create a Purpose-Driven Culture

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What It Means to Be a Moral Leader

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Neurotech Is Coming to the Workplace. Here's How to Be Ready.

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Generative AI-nxiety

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business ethics case studies australia

Why Today’s Leaders Need to Be Perpetual Learners

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A More Ethical Approach to Employing Contractors

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business ethics case studies australia

Tests and Triumphs in Telemedicine (B): Technology before Its Time or a Savior in a Crisis?

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Riverdale Hospital: The Whistleblower in Pursuit of the Missing Money

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Tony's Chocolonely: A Bittersweet Journey to Make Chocolate Slave-Free

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Big Chocolate: Child Slavery in the Cocoa Industry

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Maria Ahlstrom-Bondestam: Together Everyone Achieves More

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The Gift Card Swap: Speak Up or Let It Lie?

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SODASTREAM INTERNATIONAL: CHAMPIONING - AND MARKETING - VALUES

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The TaxPayers' Alliance

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Interbolsa's Repo Trading: How to Stop an Insolvency Ticking Time Bomb (B)

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The Ethical Tightrope: When to Disclose the AI Shortcut

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A study of business ethical practices in Australian organisations : a multiple case study

Files and links (1).

In view of the latest corporate collapses globally, the purpose of this thesis is an attempt to investigate and to theorise how managers make decisions when faced with an ethical dilemma.

Philosophers over the years have proposed different moral theories. For example, Kantian’s Categorical Imperative (O’Neil 2001, Peters, 1971) suggests that there are laws that should apply universally. However, its principles are too abstract to guide action, in that it does not provide a detailed set of instructions for following them. Others such as Baier, (2001) suggest that people behave to satisfy their own self-interest. The literature review shows that there is no consensus to define what constitutes ethical behaviour. Kohlberg (1981) divides childhood moral development into six stages. He theorises that greater moral development will be related to the highest social responsibility of an individual. Lagon (2000), Seabright and Moberg (1998), Logsdon and Yuthas (1997) extrapolate Kohlberg’s model to incorporate into organisational and individual moral development.

Based on the literature review, research questions were developed. The research methodology is qualitative, based on the realism paradigm using a case research design (Yin 1994). Face to face interviews were conducted with fourteen participants using critical incidents and the findings were triangulated using a semi-structured focus group.

The research data analysis is based on grounded theory proposed by Glaser and Strauss (1967). The findings confirm that there is no single theory or approach to business ethics. The findings indicate that a person’s ethical behaviour changes when his/her self-interest is affected. Whilst participants believed that business and ethics can be reconciled, most agreed that they can only be reconciled if the individual’s interest or business profit is not affected.

Based on the findings, a new model is proposed in an attempt to theorise an individual’s business ethical behaviour and his/her ethical decision making process.

This research also identifies important areas that require further research. These are:

• Conflicts between personal values and business values

• Should ethics be taught? And if so how?

• Should an ethical programme be developed and incorporated in a company’s strategic plan?

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Australian AI ethics principles: Commonwealth Bank tests Bill Sense

Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA) is using artificial intelligence (AI) to deliver easy-to-use and personalised digital banking services to its customers. Well-established processes and governance, including around data safety and security, ensures it applies AI safely and with the right accountabilities.

A young man working in his home office holds a baby while checking his phone

The Bill Sense feature in the CommBank app helps Commonwealth Bank customers manage stress around their bill payments. Image credit: CBA

CBA participated in the Australian AI Ethics Principles pilot .

The company prepared this case study summarising its experiences applying the Australian AI Ethics Principles . The case study is an example of how the company considered the principles. The principles are voluntary and organisations can choose to apply them in different ways.

CBA’s AI solution

Recognising that customers value having a complete picture of when their payments are due, CBA developed Bill Sense. This AI solution provides CommBank app users with greater insight into their saving patterns and bill frequency. Customers who use Bill Sense see how much money they’ll need to cover their bills each month.

Bill Sense uses advanced machine learning to:

  • understand the patterns of customers’ regular payments
  • predict when future bills will arrive and how much they will be.

This is achieved by learning from customers’ previous transactions. No information is shared or obtained from billers. Customers have total control of the parameters and information that Bill Sense uses to make its predictions. This includes:

  • whether to include a specific biller
  • setting the payment frequencies
  • adjusting the predicted payment amount.

Considering AI ethics

Strong data and risk governance processes support the design of Bill Sense to ensure it operates safely and with appropriate accountabilities.

These ensure that the product:

  • benefits customers
  • aligns with the bank’s established ethical framework, which is compatible with the Australian AI Ethics Principles.

Putting AI ethics principles into practice

CBA shared the following information about how Bill Sense considers the Australian AI Ethics Principles.

Principle 1: Human, social and environmental wellbeing

CBA’s purpose is to improve the financial wellbeing of its customers and communities. The team designed Bill Sense to help customers meet their financial commitments and manage any stress around bills.

Principle 2: Human-centred values

Bill Sense is a purposeful digital solution that can help to solve genuine customer problems. Bill Sense can help alleviate any feelings of helplessness for customers who may need assistance managing their bills.

Customers control the inputs that inform the AI predictions. They direct when and how they use Bill Sense. When they choose to opt in to use it, they can override or remove any predicted bills.

Principle 3: Fairness

Bill Sense is accessible to all users and operates the same way regardless of individual personal or financial characteristics. The CommBank app uses information the same way for all users, which reduces the likelihood of bias or unfair discrimination. Customers can provide negative or positive feedback on Bill Sense directly through the app.

CBA‘s policies and guidelines require machine learning models to not use any variables that may lead to unintended discrimination. Bill Sense uses only the minimum information it needs to operate.

CBA also has an Ethical AI service to investigate their models for any disparities (for example, to check a model is not behaving undesirably for different groups of customers). The service is relevant to the principle of fairness, as well as transparency and explainability. CBA modellers and AI practitioners use it to extract explanations of outcomes from complex AI models. This lets them:

  • evaluate disparities in decisions
  • obtain explanations of what variables are normally important to make predictions and what variables are used for each individual prediction.

Modellers can use this to sense-check their model and its predictions.

Principle 4: Privacy protection and security

Strong data protection policies ensure that data use is approved and only used for the purpose it was originally collected.

Bill Sense only learns from customers’ previous transactions within their account. No information is shared or obtained from billers (for example about a customer’s bill or account) to predict future bills.

Principle 5: Reliability and safety

Strict governance practices ensure that data sources, systems and models are reliable and safe.

For example, staff build all AI systems in accordance with the CBA’s Model Risk Policy. This policy ensures teams register and periodically review models to check they are operating in line with their intended purpose.

The AI system generates alerts allowing humans to check and rectify any problems that may occur. This also enables the system to be taken offline for the team to resolve issues or revert to previous versions if needed.

Principle 6: Transparency and explainability

The CommBank app, which houses Bill Sense, informs customers that it predicts bills based on their previous transactions. This means predictions of future bills may not always be correct.

Customers are informed of this risk and are always in control to use, override or disregard a predicted bill.

Principle 7: Contestability

Bill Sense is part of the CommBank app, so customers can provide feedback within the app. The app directs any complaints to responsible staff, who will take action when needed.

Principle 8: Accountability

CBA’s governance model ensures there are accountable parties for all systems, data points and the AI Model.

CBA clearly identifies accountabilities in the governance of every system and its components. These accountabilities include:

  • business owners
  • service owners
  • any other responsible team.

Benefits and impacts

CBA had an ethical framework for decision making in place when it joined the AI Ethics Principles pilot. This framework aligns closely with the majority of the Australian AI Ethics Principles.

CBA Chief Decision Scientist, Dan Jermyn, said:

‘We see the government’s principles as important as they make explicit things like fairness, transparency and explainability which can be overlooked when developing complex AI systems. ‘Our organisation is committed to using technology, data and AI safely and with the right accountabilities to improve our customers’ financial wellbeing.’

Contact CBA

If you have any questions about Bill Sense or or CBA’s AI systems or ethical AI journey, please contact [email protected]

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ETH 102: Business Ethics (Meyer) : Finding Case Studies

  • Finding Case Studies
  • Business Databases
  • Citing Sources

Case Studies Available from the Internet

  • Ethics Unwrapped from UTexas More than 50 case studies match ethics concepts to real world situations. From journalism to performing arts to foreign policy to scientific research to social work, these cases explore a range of current and historic ethical dilemmas, their motivating biases, and their consequences. Each case includes discussion questions, related videos, and a bibliography for further reading.
  • Highlighted Cases and Case Studies: Daniels Fund Ethics Initiative Online library of "simple, straightforward business cases focused on principle-based ethics."
  • LearningEdge at MIT Sloan Collection of teaching case studies developed by MIT Sloan faculty and students. May be downloaded, copied, distributed free of charge by anyone through creative commons license. Topics include entrepreneurship, leadership and ethics, operations management, strategy, sustainability, and system dynamics.
  • Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University Find case studies and scenarios on a variety of fields in applied ethics.
  • Stanford Graduate School of Business - free cases Click on "Narrow your results" and then under Availability select "Available to download at no charge."
  • Top 40 Most Popular Case Studies of 2017 from Yale School of Management

Library Databases with Case Studies

This course guide is designed to help you find business research and business case studies.  

Have a question?

Contact us:

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Lowell:  978-656-3004

Reference questions: [email protected]

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Videos Concepts Unwrapped View All 36 short illustrated videos explain behavioral ethics concepts and basic ethics principles. Concepts Unwrapped: Sports Edition View All 10 short videos introduce athletes to behavioral ethics concepts. Ethics Defined (Glossary) View All 58 animated videos - 1 to 2 minutes each - define key ethics terms and concepts. Ethics in Focus View All One-of-a-kind videos highlight the ethical aspects of current and historical subjects. Giving Voice To Values View All Eight short videos present the 7 principles of values-driven leadership from Gentile's Giving Voice to Values. In It To Win View All A documentary and six short videos reveal the behavioral ethics biases in super-lobbyist Jack Abramoff's story. Scandals Illustrated View All 30 videos - one minute each - introduce newsworthy scandals with ethical insights and case studies. Video Series

Case Studies UT Star Icon

Case Studies

More than 70 cases pair ethics concepts with real world situations. From journalism, performing arts, and scientific research to sports, law, and business, these case studies explore current and historic ethical dilemmas, their motivating biases, and their consequences. Each case includes discussion questions, related videos, and a bibliography.

A Million Little Pieces

A Million Little Pieces

James Frey’s popular memoir stirred controversy and media attention after it was revealed to contain numerous exaggerations and fabrications.

Abramoff: Lobbying Congress

Abramoff: Lobbying Congress

Super-lobbyist Abramoff was caught in a scheme to lobby against his own clients. Was a corrupt individual or a corrupt system – or both – to blame?

Apple Suppliers & Labor Practices

Apple Suppliers & Labor Practices

Is tech company Apple, Inc. ethically obligated to oversee the questionable working conditions of other companies further down their supply chain?

Approaching the Presidency: Roosevelt & Taft

Approaching the Presidency: Roosevelt & Taft

Some presidents view their responsibilities in strictly legal terms, others according to duty. Roosevelt and Taft took two extreme approaches.

Appropriating “Hope”

Appropriating “Hope”

Fairey’s portrait of Barack Obama raised debate over the extent to which an artist can use and modify another’s artistic work, yet still call it one’s own.

Arctic Offshore Drilling

Arctic Offshore Drilling

Competing groups frame the debate over oil drilling off Alaska’s coast in varying ways depending on their environmental and economic interests.

Banning Burkas: Freedom or Discrimination?

Banning Burkas: Freedom or Discrimination?

The French law banning women from wearing burkas in public sparked debate about discrimination and freedom of religion.

Birthing Vaccine Skepticism

Birthing Vaccine Skepticism

Wakefield published an article riddled with inaccuracies and conflicts of interest that created significant vaccine hesitancy regarding the MMR vaccine.

Blurred Lines of Copyright

Blurred Lines of Copyright

Marvin Gaye’s Estate won a lawsuit against Robin Thicke and Pharrell Williams for the hit song “Blurred Lines,” which had a similar feel to one of his songs.

Bullfighting: Art or Not?

Bullfighting: Art or Not?

Bullfighting has been a prominent cultural and artistic event for centuries, but in recent decades it has faced increasing criticism for animal rights’ abuse.

Buying Green: Consumer Behavior

Buying Green: Consumer Behavior

Do purchasing green products, such as organic foods and electric cars, give consumers the moral license to indulge in unethical behavior?

Cadavers in Car Safety Research

Cadavers in Car Safety Research

Engineers at Heidelberg University insist that the use of human cadavers in car safety research is ethical because their research can save lives.

Cardinals’ Computer Hacking

Cardinals’ Computer Hacking

St. Louis Cardinals scouting director Chris Correa hacked into the Houston Astros’ webmail system, leading to legal repercussions and a lifetime ban from MLB.

Cheating: Atlanta’s School Scandal

Cheating: Atlanta’s School Scandal

Teachers and administrators at Parks Middle School adjust struggling students’ test scores in an effort to save their school from closure.

Cheating: Sign-Stealing in MLB

Cheating: Sign-Stealing in MLB

The Houston Astros’ sign-stealing scheme rocked the baseball world, leading to a game-changing MLB investigation and fallout.

Cheating: UNC’s Academic Fraud

Cheating: UNC’s Academic Fraud

UNC’s academic fraud scandal uncovered an 18-year scheme of unchecked coursework and fraudulent classes that enabled student-athletes to play sports.

Cheney v. U.S. District Court

Cheney v. U.S. District Court

A controversial case focuses on Justice Scalia’s personal friendship with Vice President Cheney and the possible conflict of interest it poses to the case.

Christina Fallin: “Appropriate Culturation?”

Christina Fallin: “Appropriate Culturation?”

After Fallin posted a picture of herself wearing a Plain’s headdress on social media, uproar emerged over cultural appropriation and Fallin’s intentions.

Climate Change & the Paris Deal

Climate Change & the Paris Deal

While climate change poses many abstract problems, the actions (or inactions) of today’s populations will have tangible effects on future generations.

Cover-Up on Campus

Cover-Up on Campus

While the Baylor University football team was winning on the field, university officials failed to take action when allegations of sexual assault by student athletes emerged.

Covering Female Athletes

Covering Female Athletes

Sports Illustrated stirs controversy when their cover photo of an Olympic skier seems to focus more on her physical appearance than her athletic abilities.

Covering Yourself? Journalists and the Bowl Championship

Covering Yourself? Journalists and the Bowl Championship

Can news outlets covering the Bowl Championship Series fairly report sports news if their own polls were used to create the news?

Cyber Harassment

Cyber Harassment

After a student defames a middle school teacher on social media, the teacher confronts the student in class and posts a video of the confrontation online.

Defending Freedom of Tweets?

Defending Freedom of Tweets?

Running back Rashard Mendenhall receives backlash from fans after criticizing the celebration of the assassination of Osama Bin Laden in a tweet.

Dennis Kozlowski: Living Large

Dennis Kozlowski: Living Large

Dennis Kozlowski was an effective leader for Tyco in his first few years as CEO, but eventually faced criminal charges over his use of company assets.

Digital Downloads

Digital Downloads

File-sharing program Napster sparked debate over the legal and ethical dimensions of downloading unauthorized copies of copyrighted music.

Dr. V’s Magical Putter

Dr. V’s Magical Putter

Journalist Caleb Hannan outed Dr. V as a trans woman, sparking debate over the ethics of Hannan’s reporting, as well its role in Dr. V’s suicide.

East Germany’s Doping Machine

East Germany’s Doping Machine

From 1968 to the late 1980s, East Germany (GDR) doped some 9,000 athletes to gain success in international athletic competitions despite being aware of the unfortunate side effects.

Ebola & American Intervention

Ebola & American Intervention

Did the dispatch of U.S. military units to Liberia to aid in humanitarian relief during the Ebola epidemic help or hinder the process?

Edward Snowden: Traitor or Hero?

Edward Snowden: Traitor or Hero?

Was Edward Snowden’s release of confidential government documents ethically justifiable?

Ethical Pitfalls in Action

Ethical Pitfalls in Action

Why do good people do bad things? Behavioral ethics is the science of moral decision-making, which explores why and how people make the ethical (and unethical) decisions that they do.

Ethical Use of Home DNA Testing

Ethical Use of Home DNA Testing

The rising popularity of at-home DNA testing kits raises questions about privacy and consumer rights.

Flying the Confederate Flag

Flying the Confederate Flag

A heated debate ensues over whether or not the Confederate flag should be removed from the South Carolina State House grounds.

Freedom of Speech on Campus

Freedom of Speech on Campus

In the wake of racially motivated offenses, student protests sparked debate over the roles of free speech, deliberation, and tolerance on campus.

Freedom vs. Duty in Clinical Social Work

Freedom vs. Duty in Clinical Social Work

What should social workers do when their personal values come in conflict with the clients they are meant to serve?

Full Disclosure: Manipulating Donors

Full Disclosure: Manipulating Donors

When an intern witnesses a donor making a large gift to a non-profit organization under misleading circumstances, she struggles with what to do.

Gaming the System: The VA Scandal

Gaming the System: The VA Scandal

The Veterans Administration’s incentives were meant to spur more efficient and productive healthcare, but not all administrators complied as intended.

German Police Battalion 101

German Police Battalion 101

During the Holocaust, ordinary Germans became willing killers even though they could have opted out from murdering their Jewish neighbors.

Head Injuries & American Football

Head Injuries & American Football

Many studies have linked traumatic brain injuries and related conditions to American football, creating controversy around the safety of the sport.

Head Injuries & the NFL

Head Injuries & the NFL

American football is a rough and dangerous game and its impact on the players’ brain health has sparked a hotly contested debate.

Healthcare Obligations: Personal vs. Institutional

Healthcare Obligations: Personal vs. Institutional

A medical doctor must make a difficult decision when informing patients of the effectiveness of flu shots while upholding institutional recommendations.

High Stakes Testing

High Stakes Testing

In the wake of the No Child Left Behind Act, parents, teachers, and school administrators take different positions on how to assess student achievement.

In-FUR-mercials: Advertising & Adoption

In-FUR-mercials: Advertising & Adoption

When the Lied Animal Shelter faces a spike in animal intake, an advertising agency uses its moral imagination to increase pet adoptions.

Krogh & the Watergate Scandal

Krogh & the Watergate Scandal

Egil Krogh was a young lawyer working for the Nixon Administration whose ethics faded from view when asked to play a part in the Watergate break-in.

Limbaugh on Drug Addiction

Limbaugh on Drug Addiction

Radio talk show host Rush Limbaugh argued that drug abuse was a choice, not a disease. He later became addicted to painkillers.

LochteGate

U.S. Olympic swimmer Ryan Lochte’s “over-exaggeration” of an incident at the 2016 Rio Olympics led to very real consequences.

Meet Me at Starbucks

Meet Me at Starbucks

Two black men were arrested after an employee called the police on them, prompting Starbucks to implement “racial-bias” training across all its stores.

Myanmar Amber

Myanmar Amber

Buying amber could potentially fund an ethnic civil war, but refraining allows collectors to acquire important specimens that could be used for research.

Negotiating Bankruptcy

Negotiating Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy lawyer Gellene successfully represented a mining company during a major reorganization, but failed to disclose potential conflicts of interest.

Pao & Gender Bias

Pao & Gender Bias

Ellen Pao stirred debate in the venture capital and tech industries when she filed a lawsuit against her employer on grounds of gender discrimination.

Pardoning Nixon

Pardoning Nixon

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Reporting on Robin Williams

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Responding to Child Migration

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Selling Enron

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Snyder v. Phelps

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Something Fishy at the Paralympics

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Australian Business Case Studies

SBS's Small Business Secrets hosted by Ricardo Gonçalves.

Cross Curriculum Priorities

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28/11/2017 - UPDATED 16/02/2024

Help students understand the realities of owning and running a business, using real-life business stories from Australian entrepreneurs. This resource includes:

  • 10 different business case studies;
  • Topics including entrepreneurship, the essentials of building a business plan and overcoming business challenges;
  • Practical insights into operating a business;
  • Short clips from the SBS news program  Small Business Secrets,  hosted by Ricardo Goncalves;
  • Discussion questions with guide responses provided.

We recommend you pre-screen the full-length episode before using in class. Head to SBS On Demand for personal viewing. For classroom viewing of whole episodes, please visit ClickView , or your school’s resource centre (for example Wingaru, Informit etc).

SBS Learn provides free Australian Curriculum aligned digital learning resources for teachers and educators. We create a wide range of printable and downloadable lesson plans for students.

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Cross-curriculum Priorities Sustainability

Economics and Business (HASS) Year 7:  ACHEK019 ,  ACHEK017 ,  ACHEK020 Year 8:  ACHEK030 Year 9:  ACHEK041 Year 10:  ACHEK053

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The Ethical Organisation pp 21–26 Cite as

Case Studies in Business Ethics

  • Alan Kitson &
  • Robert Campbell  

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Business and management education has the purpose of improving business practice. Many other claims are made for it but none is as intuitively or philosophically appealing as this. Employers and practitioners may sometimes take the view that business and management education exists to serve their needs for competent employees who can carry out the tasks necessary for successful operation. Therefore, education should aim to provide people with the requisite skills and appropiate attitudes as well as knowledge of business practice. Others take the view that an education should enrich the mind and develop critical faculties. Therefore, a good critical and theoretical understanding is central to the process of business education and skills and attitudes can be acquired during the early stages of employment.

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Aristotle (1947) Metaphysics (W.D. Ross trans.) in T.L. Beauchamp, Case Studies in Business Society and Ethics , Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1989.

Google Scholar  

Goodpaster, K. E. (1983) ‘Some Avenues for Ethical Analysis in General Management’, Harvard Business School, case 9-383-007.

Malloy, D.C. and Lang, D.L. (1993) ‘An Aristotelian Approach to Case Study Analysis’, Journal of Business Ethics , vol. 12, 5 pp. 11–516.

Article   Google Scholar  

Mathews, J. B. et al. (1994) Policies and Persons: A Case-book in Business Ethics (2nd edn), McGraw-Hill, New York.

Simon, H. A. (1947) Administrative Behaviour: A Study of Decision-Making Processes in Administrative Organisations , Macmillan, New York.

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Kitson, A., Campbell, R. (1996). Case Studies in Business Ethics. In: The Ethical Organisation. Palgrave, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-24405-8_2

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