The National Board for Respiratory Care

Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT)

The RRT credential is nationally recognized as the “standard of excellence” for respiratory care professionals.

The examinations for the RRT credential objectively and uniformly measure essential knowledge, skills and abilities required of advanced respiratory therapists. The NBRC evaluates the competency of respiratory therapists and ensures that graduates of accredited respiratory care education programs have every opportunity to earn the RRT credential. It is in high demand nationwide, and we work diligently to help to fill the shortage of qualified respiratory therapists in the field.

The first examination for earning the RRT is the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Examination (prior to January 2015, it was known as the Written Registry Examination). The TMC Examination evaluates the abilities required of respiratory therapists at entry into practice and determines eligibility for the Clinical Simulation Examination (CSE). The CRT and/or RRT credentials are used as the basis for the licensure in all 49 states that regulate the practice of respiratory care.

For more information, click or tap on a topic below, or visit our CSE FAQs .

Registered Respiratory Therapist

The CSE consists of 22 problems (20 scored items and 2 pretest items). The clinical setting and patient situation for each problem are designed to simulate reality and be relevant to the clinical practice of respiratory care. You will be given four hours to complete the CSE.

For specific exam content, refer to the Detailed Content Outlines.

CSE Detailed Content Outline – effective 1-2020

Admission Requirements

Please ensure you meet the following requirements before applying for the CSE Examination:

1. Be a CRT and have successfully completed the Therapist Written Examination (WRRT) or the Therapist Multiple-Choice Examination (TMC) at the high cut score. and 2. Be a graduate of and have a minimum of an associate degree from an entry into practice respiratory therapy education program supported or accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). or 3. Be a CRT for at least four years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, the applicant shall have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or its equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics. or 4. Be a CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, the applicant shall have earned a minimum of an associate degree from an accredited entry-level respiratory care education program. or 5. Be a CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, the applicant shall have earned a baccalaureate degree in an area other than respiratory care and shall have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics. or 6. Hold the Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists (CSRT) RRT credential.

Free Practice Exam

A free CSE practice examination is available so you may familiarize yourself with the content and types of questions that will be included on the credentialing exam.

ATTENTION – By accessing this examination, you agree not to reproduce, distribute, disclose, offer for sale, or sell any portion of these copyrighted National Board for Respiratory Care, Inc. materials in any format. Failure to comply with these terms may result in disciplinary action by the National Board for Respiratory Care, Inc. including loss of your credential, losing your ability to retake an examination, and/or legal action related to copyright infringement.

Self-Assessment

Anyone planning to take the Clinical Simulation Examination can assess how they will perform before actually attempting the examination by taking the official NBRC Self-Assessment Exam (SAE). The feedback from the SAE provides an opportunity to evaluate and remedy less-than-desirable examination performance before taking the credentialing examination. The official SAEs are the only products that provide the respective examination committees’ rationale for the best response to each question. There are two forms of the Clinical Simulation Self-Assessment Examination available. ​

Official SAEs are only available in web-based format for purchase online through the NBRC’s testing agency, PSI. PSI’s e-store offers all currently available NBRC web-based SAEs for purchase online.

To take an online SAE, you must have:

• A compatible internet browser such as the current version of Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox or Safari. Other browsers may not work. • Cookies and scripting must be enabled. • Pop-up blocking must be disabled.

After your order is placed, you will receive a confirmation e-mail with specific instructions guiding you through the examination process. The e-mail contains your private password that allows you to receive individualized feedback on your performance. You will have 90 days from the time you receive your confirmation e-mail to complete the examination.

Please note: If you purchase an NBRC SAE, your credit card statement will reflect a purchase from LXR .

General Exam Info: Tools for Candidates

These additional tools are available at no cost to help you prepare for the examination:

  • Candidate Handbook : Information, applications and other forms for all NBRC credentialing examinations
  • Log in with your email address – this is the email address where your results will be sent.
  • Use the mouse to select your responses and to proceed through the examination.
  • To obtain your results, you must take the entire examination in one sitting. Your results will not be saved if you exit the examination.
  • When you have completed the examination, click Finish and Display. Your results will be displayed on screen and emailed to the address you provided at login.
  • If you need assistance using the examination software, click on the Help button in the lower portion of the screen once you begin the examination.
  • To take the online practice exams, you will need a compatible internet browser such as the current version of Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, or Safari. Other browsers may or may not work. Cookies and scripting must be enabled and pop-up blocking must be disabled.
  • Assessment Centers : A listing of assessment centers where exams are offered nationwide, searchable by state or zip code
  • General FAQs : Information on credentials, fees, credential maintenance and other NBRC information.
  • Credential Maintenance Program (CMP) Brochure : Detailed information on the NBRC’s Credential Maintenance Program
  • Submit an Online Application
  • Printable CSE Application

What are the admission requirements for the Clinical Simulation Examination?

Please ensure you meet the following requirements before applying for the Clinical Simulation Examination:

1. Be a CRT and have successfully completed the Therapist Written Examination (WRRT) on or before December 31, 2014; OR  Be a CRT and have successfully completed the TMC Examination by achieving the high cut score on or after January 2015.

2. Be a graduate of and have a minimum of an associate degree from a respiratory therapy education program supported or accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC).

3. Be a CRT for at least four years and have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or its equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.

4. Be a CRT for at least two years and have earned a minimum of an associate degree from a respiratory therapy education program supported or accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC).

5. Be a CRT for at least two years and have earned a baccalaureate degree in an area other than respiratory care and shall have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.

6. Hold the Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists (CSRT) RRT credential.

What is the application process, and how long does it take?

You may apply online or submit a paper application and fee once you have met the admission requirements.

If applying and paying by credit card online, your application is processed immediately. If mailing your application and fee, your application will be processed within approximately five to seven business days. An email confirmation notice of eligibility will be sent to you, which includes a website and toll-free telephone number for you to contact to schedule an examination appointment.

If your eligibility cannot be confirmed, you will be notified by email of the additional information required to complete your application.

What are the examination fees?

The CSE costs $200 for both new and repeat applicants.

Are any examination fee discounts offered?

Yes, AARC MEMBERS are eligible for a one-time, $40 discount when applying for the first time for the following NBRC examinations:

– CSE – PFT – NPS – SDS – ACCS

You must register for the AARC Member Discount through the AARC website at https://www.aarc.org/aarc-membership/aarc-membership-benefits/nbrc-discount/ . AARC will send an email after registering for the discount containing instructions about accessing the NBRC’s online examination application. You must begin the application process from the link in the instructions you receive from the AARC by email. The discount must be used at the time you submit your application and payment and will not be retroactively applied.

When is the application deadline?

There are no application deadlines. If you meet the admissions requirements for an examination you may submit your application and fee at any time.

What if I don’t receive an email confirming my eligibility?

If you don’t receive an email confirmation of eligibility or an incomplete notice within two weeks of mailing your application, contact the NBRC . If your application is not on file, you will be asked to send a replacement application form and fee.

When and where are NBRC examinations administered?

NBRC examinations are administered Monday through Saturday at more than 300 assessment centers across the country (except on nationally recognized holidays). Search for an assessment center near you .

Can I schedule my examination online?

Yes. If you are approved to take an examination and paid the appropriate fee, you may schedule online .

Is a free practice examination available?

CSE practice examination

Is a Self-Assessment Examination available?

If you are assessing your preparedness for the Clinical Simulation Examination and feel you need more guidance than the free practice exam, there is a Self-Assessment Examination (SAE) available for purchase.

How much testing time is given to complete the Clinical Simulation Examination?

The testing time for the CSE is four hours.

What content will be included on the Clinical Simulation Examination?

To begin your preparation in an informed and organized manner, you should know what to expect from the actual examination in terms of content areas tested. The detailed content outlines present the specific patient care settings and each of the content areas. The outlines can be used to get a general impression of the examination, and with closer inspection, can give you specific study direction. For example, you can determine the relative importance of each content area on the examination by reviewing the number of questions in each section.

When will I receive my test scores?

You will receive information about your score at the test center after completing the examination.

Do I have to wait between attempts of the examination?

As indicated in the table below, candidates may attempt the Therapist Multiple-Choice and Clinical Simulation Examinations three times, after which the candidate will be required to wait a minimum of 120 days between any subsequent attempt. For the specialty credentialing examinations, including Pulmonary Function Technology, Neonatal/Pediatric Specialty, Sleep Disorders Specialty, and Adult Critical Care Specialty Examinations, candidates may attempt the exam two times, after which the candidate will be required to wait at least 180 days before sitting for the exam again.

As the respiratory profession continues to grow and flourish, we feel this is an important and necessary policy to implement in order to ensure caregiver competency and patient safety for years to come.

What is the NBRC’s Record Retention Policy?

When you apply for an examination, your eligibility records are maintained for one year following application regardless of whether or not you schedule an exam. If you don’t actively pursue credentialing, your eligibility records are inactivated after one year. If you are a candidate whose records are inactivated, you must reapply as a new candidate and meet the most current admissions requirements to be eligible for the exam. Please note: if you have passed one of the examinations to earn the RRT Credential (TMC or CSE) and allow your application records to become inactivated, your passing performance will be nullified, so we encourage you to pursue credentialing in a timely manner after applying and receiving a confirmation of eligibility notice.

To support you through the entire process, we are committed to providing appropriate notices to candidates before their application records are inactivated, so we also encourage you to keep your contact information current with the NBRC.

Does passing the TMC Examination at the high cut score automatically mean I’m eligible for the CSE?

No. You must meet the CSE eligibility requirements, regardless of examination score.

I have already passed one portion of the RRT Examination. What do I do now?

If you passed the Therapist Written Examination (WRRT) prior to January 1, 2015, you are eligible for the CSE. If you passed the CSE but not the Therapist Written Examination (WRRT), you must take the TMC exam and pass at the high cut score to earn the RRT credential.

I‘m a CRT and didn’t graduate with an Associates Degree. Can I apply for the CSE?

Yes. You must satisfy one of the following CRT-to-Registry admission requirements:

  • Be a CRT for at least four years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, you must have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or its equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.
  • Be a CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, you must have earned a minimum of an associate degree from an accredited entry-level respiratory care education program; or
  • Be a CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, you must have earned a baccalaureate degree in an area other than respiratory care and have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.

If I am applying under the CRT-to-Registry Provision, how do I know if I’ve taken the required courses?

The NBRC offers a CRT-to-Registry transcript evaluation at no charge. To request a CRT-to-Registry evaluation, submit a copy of your college transcripts with a completed CRT-to-Registry Evaluation Form to our office. Do not submit an application or fee since you are only requesting an evaluation of your education. Please allow approximately three weeks for a response to your request.

Please note that an evaluation request with no transcript information attached may result in a significantly delayed response.

TMC Exam FAQs

What are the admission requirements for the TMC Examination?

Please ensure you meet the following requirements before applying for the TMC Examination:

1. Be 18 years of age or older.

The TMC Examination costs $190 for new applicants and $150 for repeat applicants.

A free TMC practice examination is available so you may familiarize yourself with the content and types of questions that will be included on the credentialing exam.

TMC practice examination

If you are assessing your preparedness for the TMC Examination and feel you need more guidance than the free practice exam, there is a Self-Assessment Examination (SAE) available for purchase. The TMC SAE has the same number of questions as the credentialing examination.

How much testing time is given to complete the TMC Examination?

The testing time for the TMC Examination is three hours.

What content will be included on the TMC Examination?

TMC Detailed Content Outline – effective 1-2020

What do the cut scores mean?

There are two established cut scores for the Therapist Multiple-Choice Examination. If you achieve the low cut score, you will earn the CRT credential. If you achieve the high cut score, you will earn the CRT credential AND become eligible for the Clinical Simulation Examination (provided you meet the eligibility requirements and are eligible to earn the RRT credential). If you do not achieve a minimum of the low cut score, you must reapply for the TMC Examination.

Does passing the TMC Examination at the high cut score automatically mean I’m eligible for the Clinical Simulation Examination (CSE)?

If I currently hold the CRT credential and score below the low cut score on the TMC Examination, will I lose my CRT credential?

No. You can retake the TMC Examination as many times as necessary to regain RRT eligibility or to become eligible for the Clinical Simulation Examination without impacting the status of your current CRT credential.

Can I qualify to take the TMC Examination with foreign education?

Foreign respiratory therapy education does not qualify for admission to the TMC Examination. You must have a minimum of an associate’s degree from an accredited respiratory therapy education program. View a list of accredited education programs .

Purchase a Voucher

If you are an employer or educator who plans to cover the cost of the NBRC credentialing examinations for candidates, an online prepay option is available for your convenience. Simply follow the link below to purchase a prepaid voucher. Once your payment is made, you will receive a voucher code that your student can use as payment when applying for the exam.

The NBRC continually receives inquiries regarding the CRT-to-Registry provision of the admission policies for the examinations associated with the RRT. If you have questions that are not answered below, or if you need further clarification of this admission policy, please contact the NBRC Executive Office.

To qualify for the CRT-to-Registry admission you must be one of the following:

  • A CRT for at least four years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, you must have at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or its equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics; or
  • A CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential. In addition, you must have earned a minimum of an associate degree from an accredited entry-level respiratory care education program; or
  • A CRT for at least two years prior to applying for the examinations associated with the RRT credential, and have a baccalaureate degree in an area other than respiratory care with at least 62 semester hours of college credit from a college or university accredited by its regional association or equivalent. The 62 semester hours of college credit must include the following courses: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.

Click here for a CRT-to-Registry Evaluation Form.

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Semester Hours

The NBRC Board of Trustees has not established any minimum hour requirement for the basic science courses. A minimum of 62 semester hours of college credit must be completed; within the 62 hours, a minimum of one course must be completed in each of the following areas: anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics.

The reason semester hour requirements were not established for the basic sciences is the lack of uniformity in hours awarded for similar courses by various national colleges and universities. For instance, some colleges combine anatomy and physiology while others offer them separately and some colleges award hours in semesters and others in quarters. Completion of the courses is more important than the hours awarded for the required courses.

The NBRC suggests you complete more than the minimum one course in mathematics and the basic sciences, because the more knowledge accumulated in these areas, the better your chance for success on the RRT exams. Many colleges and universities require laboratories for science courses, but if they don’t, they are not required for the RRT exam.

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Transcript Requirements

If you have a valid CRT credential for a minimum of four years, you must submit your official transcripts at the time of application. The science and mathematics courses must appear, by name, on your official transcripts and it must be apparent you completed the courses. If any of the courses do not appear on the transcripts by these names, you must obtain a course description from the college catalog for any course in question and submit each course description to the Admission Committee, in care of the NBRC, for review and final determination.

If you have had a valid CRT for a minimum of two years and have a baccalaureate degree in an area other than in respiratory therapy, you must provide proof of completion of a baccalaureate degree in the form of either official college transcripts or a notarized copy of your baccalaureate degree. Official transcripts verifying completion of the basic sciences and mathematics must also be submitted at the time of application.

A minimum of one course in anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics must appear, by name, on the official transcript. It must be apparent from the transcript that these courses have been completed. If any of the courses do not appear on the transcript by these names, you must obtain a course description from the college catalog. For any course in question, submit course description to the Admission Committee, in care of the NBRC, for final determination.

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College Level Examination Program (CLEP)

Courses challenged through the College Level Examination Program (CLEP) will be accepted toward the 62 semester hours and required basic science courses if transferable college credit is awarded by an accredited college or university for each course completed by CLEP. The courses attempted through the CLEP program and the credit awarded must be recorded on an official transcript.

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Courses Completed at Foreign Colleges or Universities

Courses taken at a foreign college or university do not satisfy the NBRC’s requirement of 62 semester hours of college credit. Foreign programs are not accredited by their regional association or its equivalent. If you attended a foreign college, you should contact an accredited college to have transfer credit awarded for the training received. The NBRC will accept transfer credit for foreign courses if an accredited United States college or university is willing to award transfer credit. A letter sealed by the Registrar indicating the courses and hours for which transfer credit is awarded may be accepted in lieu of official college transcripts.

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Training Completed at Hospital-Based Nursing or Other Health-Related Programs

If you completed courses at a hospital-based nursing or other educational program not accredited by its regional association or its equivalent, the course work will not be accepted unless transfer credit for the courses is awarded from an accredited college or university. A letter sealed by the registrar indicating the courses and hours for which transfer credit is awarded may be accepted.

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Course Descriptions for the Required Basic Science and Mathematics Courses

The NBRC Admissions Committee has developed course outlines for the basic science and mathematics courses required under this provision. The course outlines recommend the content areas which should be covered in each of the basic sciences. These course descriptions are intended for those who have not yet completed some or all courses, and who require guidance in course selection. The course outlines can be obtained by writing the Executive Office.

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FAQs About the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) Vector

27+ FAQs for the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) (2024)

by John Landry, BS, RRT | Updated: Apr 22, 2024

The Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is a national board examination for respiratory therapists aspiring to achieve the Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credential.

Administered by the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC), the CSE assesses candidates’ ability to apply theoretical knowledge and practical skills in simulated clinical scenarios.

Understanding the nuances of this exam is crucial for effective preparation and success.

This comprehensive guide answers the most common questions regarding the CSE, providing insights into its structure, requirements, and strategies for passing the exam.

FAQs About the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE)

What is the clinical simulation exam (cse).

The Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is a credentialing examination administered by the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) designed to assess a candidate’s clinical competency and ability to apply knowledge, skills, and judgment in simulated clinical scenarios.

It’s the final step for respiratory therapy students to earn the Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credential.

The exam consists of 22 problems that simulate real-life scenarios in the clinical practice of respiratory care, challenging the candidates to demonstrate their patient management skills and decision-making abilities in a controlled environment.

Is the Clinical Simulation Exam Hard?

The CSE is considered one of the most challenging exams in the medical field due to its complex structure and the depth of clinical judgment and decision-making skills it tests.

The exam requires not only a thorough understanding of respiratory care principles but also the ability to apply this knowledge effectively in diverse and dynamic patient care scenarios.

What is the Pass Rate for the CSE?

The pass rate for the CSE varies, but historically, it has been around 63% for new candidates. This rate reflects the exam’s difficulty and the level of preparation required.

The pass rate can vary from year to year and is influenced by the cohort’s overall preparedness and familiarity with the exam format.

What is the Passing Score for the CSE?

The passing score for the CSE is not a fixed number; it varies for each version of the exam based on the difficulty of the problems included.

The National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) uses a criterion-referenced scoring system, which means the passing score is determined by the level of knowledge and skill the NBRC deems necessary to practice safely and competently as a respiratory therapist.

Candidates must exceed the minimum passing score for their specific exam version to pass. Historically, the average passing score has been around 72%.

How Many Questions Are on the CSE?

The CSE consists of 22 problems , of which 20 are scored items, and 2 are pretest items that do not count toward the candidate’s score.

Each problem represents a clinical scenario designed to simulate real-life situations in respiratory care practice.

The exam assesses the candidate’s ability to manage these scenarios effectively, demonstrating their knowledge and skills in patient care.

How is the CSE Different from the TMC Exam?

The Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) and the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Exam serve different purposes and assess different levels of competency in the field of respiratory care.

The TMC Exam evaluates the candidate’s foundational knowledge and understanding of respiratory care principles necessary for practice. It consists of multiple-choice questions that test recall, application, and information analysis.

In contrast, the CSE assesses a candidate’s ability to apply clinical knowledge in simulated patient care scenarios, focusing on critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving skills. It simulates real-life situations where candidates must make clinical decisions based on the information presented.

How to Prepare for the CSE?

Preparing for the CSE involves a comprehensive study plan that covers both the foundational knowledge of respiratory care and the application of this knowledge in clinical scenarios.

Some effective strategies include:

  • Reviewing the Detailed Content Outline: Start with the NBRC’s detailed content outline for the CSE to understand the exam structure and the topics covered.
  • Mastering Clinical Knowledge: Ensure a strong grasp of respiratory care principles, including patient assessment, disease management, and therapeutic procedures.
  • Practicing Simulation Problems: Use simulation software or study guides that offer practice problems to familiarize yourself with the format and types of scenarios you will encounter.
  • Understanding the Decision-Making Process: Focus on developing critical thinking and decision-making skills by analyzing clinical scenarios and making justified decisions.
  • Time Management: Practice managing your time effectively to ensure you can complete all scenarios within the exam’s time limit.
  • Utilizing Resources: Leverage textbooks, online courses , and review classes specifically designed for CSE preparation. Many candidates find value in comprehensive review programs that offer guided study plans and practice simulations.

How to Pass the CSE?

Passing the CSE requires a focused and strategic approach:

  • Understand the Exam Format: Familiarize yourself with the structure of the CSE, including the types of scenarios and the decision-making process required.
  • Solidify Your Knowledge Base: Ensure a deep understanding of cardiopulmonary disorders, as well as the ability to apply this knowledge to clinical scenarios.
  • Practice with Simulations: Engage with as many practice simulations as possible to become comfortable with the format and to improve your decision-making skills under pressure.
  • Study Strategically: Focus on areas of weakness identified in your TMC Exam performance or through practice simulations.
  • Manage Your Time: Develop a strategy for efficiently allocating time to each scenario, ensuring you have enough time to read, analyze, and make decisions.
  • Stay Calm and Confident: Confidence and a calm mindset can significantly impact your ability to process information and make decisions during the exam.
  • Boost Your Score: Students are using our comprehensive CSE Boost Course and video lessons to earn a passing score on the exam

Is There a Free Practice Exam for the CSE?

Yes, the NBRC offers a free CSE practice examination on their website. This practice exam is designed to familiarize candidates with the content and types of questions included in the actual CSE.

It’s a valuable resource for understanding the exam format and assessing readiness.

While the free practice exam may not cover every scenario or topic you will encounter, it provides a solid foundation for what to expect and how to approach the real exam.

How Long Should I Study for the CSE?

The amount of time required to study for the CSE varies depending on individual background, knowledge level, and familiarity with the exam content.

Most candidates find it beneficial to dedicate several weeks to a few months of consistent study.

A general guideline is to spend at least 1-2 hours daily over 2-3 months preparing, but this can be adjusted based on personal needs and areas of weakness.

It’s crucial to begin studying well before your scheduled exam date to allow ample time for in-depth review and practice. Tailoring your study plan to focus on weaker areas while reinforcing strengths is key to efficient and effective preparation.

What is the Passing Score for the Clinical Simulation Exam?

The passing score for the CSE varies for each version of the exam, as it is based on the difficulty of the problems presented. The NBRC uses a criterion-referenced scoring system to determine the passing standard for each exam form.

This means that the passing score is determined by the level of performance deemed necessary to demonstrate competency in respiratory care practice.

While the specific passing score is not publicly disclosed for each exam form, candidates must achieve a score that exceeds the minimum standard set by the NBRC for that version of the exam.

Historically, an approximate average passing score has been around 72%, but this can vary.

What is the Best Study Guide for the CSE?

The best study guide for the CSE is one that comprehensively covers the detailed content outline provided by the NBRC.

It should cover information gathering and decision-making for clinical simulation scenarios on various cardiopulmonary disorders.

One widely recommended resource is our CSE Boost Course , which provides a comprehensive review along with “Exam Hacks” to navigate the unique format of the CSE.

CSE Boost Course

CSE Boost Course

What diseases will be on the cse.

The CSE covers a wide range of respiratory disorders , focusing on both adult and pediatric/neonatal care. Diseases and conditions commonly tested on the CSE include, but are not limited to:

  • Adult Chronic Airway Diseases: Such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma, bronchiectasis, and cystic fibrosis .
  • Adult Acute Conditions: Including pneumonia , acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary embolism, and ventilator-associated pneumonia.
  • Cardiovascular Issues: Such as congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary edema.
  • Neurological or Neuromuscular Disorders: Including Guillain-Barré syndrome, myasthenia gravis, and conditions leading to ventilatory support.
  • Trauma and Emergency Situations: Such as chest trauma, pneumothorax, and hemothorax .
  • Pediatric and Neonatal Conditions: Including respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), bronchiolitis, croup, and congenital heart defects.
Note: This list is not exhaustive, and candidates are advised to review the NBRC’s detailed content outline for a comprehensive overview of the topics covered.

How Many Times Can You Retake the CSE?

Candidates may attempt the CSE up to three times without waiting between attempts. After three attempts, they must wait a minimum of 120 days before they can attempt the exam again.

This policy allows candidates to take time for additional study and preparation to improve their chances of passing on subsequent attempts.

It’s important for candidates to use this time effectively to address areas of weakness and to further develop their clinical decision-making skills.

When is the Application Deadline for the CSE?

There are no application deadlines for the CSE. Candidates can apply to take the exam anytime once they meet the eligibility requirements.

The NBRC offers year-round testing for the CSE at hundreds of testing centers across the United States.

Candidates are encouraged to schedule their exam date well in advance to secure their preferred testing location and date.

Allowing sufficient time for preparation before taking the exam is also beneficial. To apply, candidates must submit their application and fee through the NBRC website or by mail.

What is the Scenario on the CSE?

The “ Scenario ” on the CSE represents a detailed clinical situation or patient case that candidates must manage. Each scenario is designed to simulate real-life clinical settings and challenges that respiratory therapists might encounter.

It provides the context for the simulation, including the setting (e.g., hospital, emergency room, home care), patient information (e.g., age, medical history, current condition), and specific clinical challenges that need to be addressed.

The scenario sets the stage for the subsequent “Information Gathering” and “Decision Making” sections, where candidates apply their knowledge and skills to manage the patient’s care effectively.

What is Information Gathering on the CSE?

“ Information Gathering ” is a critical component of the CSE, where candidates select the most appropriate actions to collect further data about the patient’s condition.

This step involves choosing diagnostic tests, monitoring techniques, and other methods to gather essential clinical information needed to make informed decisions.

The options may include ordering blood gases , selecting imaging studies, assessing vital signs, and reviewing patient history.

The purpose of this section is to simulate the process of collecting relevant clinical information in real-world scenarios, enabling candidates to demonstrate their ability to identify what additional data are needed to manage the patient’s care effectively.

What is Decision Making on the CSE?

“ Decision Making ” is the phase of the CSE where candidates must choose the best course of action based on the information gathered in the previous steps.

This involves making clinical judgments and implementing interventions, treatments, or management strategies that are most appropriate for the patient’s condition.

The decisions could range from selecting a specific therapeutic procedure, adjusting ventilator settings, recommending pharmacological treatments, or deciding on patient discharge plans.

This section tests the candidate’s ability to apply their knowledge and skills in practical, often complex, clinical scenarios, requiring critical thinking and problem-solving to ensure safe and effective patient care.

How to Apply for the CSE?

To apply for the CSE , candidates must first ensure they meet the eligibility requirements set by the NBRC. The application process involves the following steps:

  • Verify Eligibility: Confirm that you meet the criteria for taking the CSE, which typically includes passing the TMC Exam at the high cut score, among other possible prerequisites.
  • Complete the Application: Fill out the CSE application form, which can be found on the NBRC website. You must provide personal information, educational background, and any required documentation.
  • Pay the Examination Fee: Submit the required fee for the CSE. Payment can usually be made online via credit card through the NBRC’s secure payment portal.
  • Schedule Your Exam: Once your application and payment are processed, you’ll receive authorization to test. You can then schedule your exam at one of the many testing centers offering the CSE. Choose a date and location that are convenient for you.
Note: It’s recommended to apply and schedule your exam well in advance of your desired test date to ensure availability.

Where Can I Take the CSE?

The CSE, like all NBRC examinations, is available at over 300 assessment centers throughout the United States.

These centers operate from Monday through Saturday, excluding nationally recognized holidays, offering candidates flexible scheduling options for their examination.

To find a convenient testing location and schedule your exam, you can visit the official website of the NBRC or the designated testing service provider, ensuring you select a date that best fits your preparation schedule and personal commitments.

What are the Admission Requirements for the CSE?

To be eligible for the CSE, candidates must meet specific requirements:

  • Hold the Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) credential and have either passed the Therapist Written Examination (WRRT) by December 31, 2014, or achieved the high cut score on the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Examination after January 2015.
  • Possess a minimum of an associate degree from a respiratory therapy program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC).
  • Alternatively, candidates can qualify if they have been a CRT for at least four years and completed at least 62 semester hours of college credit, including courses in anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, and mathematics, from an accredited institution.
  • A minimum of two years as a CRT and an associate degree from a CoARC-supported or accredited respiratory therapy education program also meets the criteria.
  • Candidates with at least two years as a CRT and a baccalaureate degree in a field other than respiratory care, along with the required 62 semester hours in specified science courses from an accredited college or university, are eligible.
  • Holding the Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists (CSRT) RRT credential is another pathway to eligibility.
Note: These prerequisites ensure that candidates have the necessary educational background and professional experience to undertake the CSE.

How Much Does it Cost to Take the CSE?

The cost to take the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is $200. This fee applies to both new and repeat applicants.

Payment is required at the time of application and can be made through the NBRC’s online portal or by other accepted payment methods as specified by the NBRC.

It’s important to note that fees are subject to change, and candidates should verify the current cost on the NBRC website or by contacting the NBRC directly.

What is the Time Limit for the CSE?

The CSE has a total testing time limit of four hours . Within this time frame, candidates must complete all 22 problems (20 scored items and 2 pretest items) presented in the exam.

This time limit is designed to challenge candidates to manage their time effectively, making quick yet informed decisions as needed in real clinical situations.

Candidates should practice time management strategies during their preparation to ensure they can navigate through all sections of the exam efficiently.

What Topics are Covered on the CSE?

The CSE covers a broad range of topics relevant to respiratory care, designed to assess a candidate’s ability to apply clinical knowledge in simulated scenarios.

Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Patient Assessment: Evaluating patient data and history to make informed clinical decisions.
  • Disease Management: Understanding various respiratory conditions and their management, including COPD , asthma, pneumonia, ARDS, and more.
  • Airway Management: Techniques and strategies for managing the airway, including intubation and use of ventilatory support.
  • Therapeutic Procedures: Selection and application of respiratory care treatments, such as oxygen therapy, aerosol medication delivery, and mechanical ventilation.
  • Emergency Care: Responding to acute emergencies and life-support techniques.
  • Neonatal and Pediatric Care: Specialized care for infants and children with respiratory conditions.
  • Ethics and Professionalism: Ethical considerations in patient care and professional conduct.

When Will You Receive Your Exam Score After Taking the CSE?

Candidates will receive their CSE score and a detailed report immediately upon exam completion at the testing center.

To obtain this information, you are required to submit any scratch paper used during the exam.

Once you’ve turned in your scratch paper, the testing center will provide you with your score report, allowing you to immediately know your performance outcomes

Do You Have to Wait Between Attempts of the CSE?

Yes, candidates must wait a specific period between attempts if they do not pass the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) on their first try.

After three unsuccessful attempts, a candidate is required to wait a minimum of 120 days before they can reapply for the exam.

This waiting period is intended to give candidates ample time to review and improve their knowledge and skills before retaking the exam.

What is the Difference Between a CRT and RRT?

The distinction between a Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) and a Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) primarily lies in the level of credentialing provided by the NBRC.

The CRT designation serves as the foundational credential in respiratory therapy, obtained by achieving a passing score on the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Exam.

Following this, individuals who score at the high cut on the TMC Exam are then qualified to pursue the RRT credential by successfully completing the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE).

The RRT credential represents the pinnacle of professional achievement in respiratory therapy, denoting a higher degree of expertise and proficiency. It is recognized as the premier standard for practice in the field, often opening doors to broader career opportunities and advancement.

In essence, securing the RRT credential signifies a therapist’s elevated knowledge base and competency, setting a benchmark for excellence in respiratory care.

What if I Fail the CSE?

If you fail the CSE, it’s important to view it as an opportunity for growth rather than a setback. Here are steps you can take following an unsuccessful attempt:

  • Review Your Score Report: Analyze your performance to understand your strengths and areas that need improvement. The NBRC provides a detailed score report that can help identify specific topics or types of questions where you struggled.
  • Identify Knowledge Gaps: Focus on the areas identified in your score report as weaknesses. Review relevant study materials , textbooks, and practice questions to improve your understanding of these topics.
  • Practice Clinical Scenarios: Spend more time working through clinical simulation practice problems. This will help you become more familiar with the exam format and improve your decision-making skills.
  • Seek Guidance: Consider joining a study group or seeking advice from peers, instructors, or mentors who have successfully passed the CSE. They can offer valuable insights and tips.
  • Utilize Additional Resources: Look for additional study materials, review courses, or workshops specifically designed to prepare candidates for the CSE.
  • Reapply When Ready: Once you’ve taken the time to address your areas of weakness and feel confident in your preparation, reapply for the CSE. Remember, you can attempt the exam up to three times under one eligibility, and after three unsuccessful attempts, you must wait 120 days before trying again.
Note: Failure on the CSE is not the end of your journey to becoming an RRT. With dedicated study and preparation, you can improve your knowledge and skills and successfully pass the exam on your next attempt.

Final Thoughts

The Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is a challenging but crucial step for respiratory therapists, testing their ability to integrate knowledge and skills in a clinical setting.

This guide has provided essential insights into the CSE’s structure, requirements, and preparation strategies.

With the right approach and understanding, candidates can confidently navigate the exam, paving the way for advanced career opportunities and demonstrating their dedication to the highest standards of respiratory care.

John Landry, BS, RRT

Written by:

John Landry is a registered respiratory therapist from Memphis, TN, and has a bachelor's degree in kinesiology. He enjoys using evidence-based research to help others breathe easier and live a healthier life.

  • The National Board for Respiratory Care. Clinical Simulation Examination (CSE). Published: January 1, 2020.

Recommended Reading

7+ mistakes to avoid on the clinical simulation exam (cse), tmc exam prep: frequently asked questions (faqs), how to prepare for (and pass) the tmc exam, 13+ must-know pharmacology tips for the tmc exam, therapist multiple choice mock board exam (review), how to boost your score for the clinical simulation exam (cse).

Midterm 1 Review

http://placehold.it/500x325

Reviewing for Midterm 1

Sample midterm created by course coordinator: http://web.cse.ohio-state.edu/software/2221/web-sw1/readings/SampleExam.pdf

Study guide created by me: CSE 2221 Midterm 1 Review.pdf

Provided on the CSE 2221 homepage is an example midterm . Please read through this and note a few things:

  • The types of questions on the exam. There are multiple choice, tracing tables, short answer, writing code, and tree drawing/comprehension. Notice that on this sample, theres even a question about CheckStyle's "magic numbers". Be ready to face any of these on the midterm.
  • The wording of the exam questions. The questions you get on your midterm will have questions that are created similar to this. They give you some necessary background and then pose a question. For instance, 1.4 tells you what Random1L's "nextDouble()" instance function does, then asks you to do something with it.
  • The number of questions on the exam. It isn't short and sweet. Time yourself on this practice exam to see how you're doing time-wise. Think about optimizing your time usage to get the most points possible. Is it really worth arguing in your head over if a multiple choice question is (a) or (b), or is it wiser to start writing a response for a question worth 3-5 times as many points? Which leads me to...
  • The point values. Though the midterm won't have exactly the same point values per question, they will be similar. There are a number of multiple choice, each only worth a few points. Tracing tables, writing code, and short response are all worth much more. Know which questions will get you the most points.
  • Extra credit. I can't guarantee that there will be extra credit on the midterm, but it is likely. If you can snag some free points from a problem that is more difficult, that's great! But don't kick yourself in the bum if you can't solve it. Those points don't count against you, but the other questions you miss will.

In addition to the example midterm, there is also a study guide of sorts I've made, available here . You'll find over 100 questions that are much different than the practice midterm and tend to focus on the basics and concepts. I provide answers to all of the questions in the second half of the document. DISCLAIMER: These are not written like the sample midterm (and your actual midterm) are written! My questions are very short and are to the point. Questions you get on the midterm have a different structure. Don't only use my study guide for studying, use both mine and the sample midterm!

Q: Do I need to memorize functions for XMLTree, SimpleWriter, etc.?

A: For the most part, no. You do not need to remember everything that the XMLTree class can do and the specific function calls. When we think you need to know a function call, we will tell you on the test. For example, we don't expect you to memorize how to make a new Random1L and create a double in [0, 1). We tell you how to do that, and then ask you to do something with that information. That said, we do expect you to know things like how to read a line of input, or output a line with in.readLine() and out.println(). You shouldn't need to look at the OSU components API for anything on the exam.

Q: What is covered on the exam?

A: Everything we've covered so far. Java/JVM, variables, mathematical models for those variables, control flow, loops, static methods, parameter passing, arrays, design by contract, trees, XML documents, CheckStyle/FindBugs, HTML, anything we've done in projects and anything we've done in lab. If you've seen it in class/lab/homework/projects, its fair game!

Q: How long is the exam?

A: 55 minutes, one class period. You will probably need the entire class period. Come with a pencil and eraser.

Q: Where is the exam?

A: In the lecture room for the class, as defined on your section page on the CSE 2221 home page .

Good luck and have fun! Go Bucks.

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The Lindsey Jones Experience

We know that preparing for NBRC exams is an emotional roller-coaster. Our unique method of exam preparation is unlike any other program. Utilizing genuine critical thinking methodology, rather than simply emphasizing memorization, helps test anxiety melts away. It is no wonder respiratory therapists who use LindseyJones enjoy better pass rates than all other solutions, making LindseyJones a key tool in launching a career in respiratory therapy.

Comments From Others

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"After 10 years of being out of the field, I was nervous about taking my NBRC exams again. LindseyJones made the information clear and simple. It was a great review and gave me all the confidence I needed to retake my exams and pass the RRT. The clinical simulation approach was especially amazing. Great job you guys." J. Miller, RRT

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"I tried to take my clin sims and failed it due to me using other study material. So I found you all and decided to give you all a chance...I am now a registered Respiratory Therapist. I wanted to thank you (LindseyJones) because if it weren't for you all, I would not be sitting here as an RRT. I passed the first time I took my exam after the LindseyJones study material." Tracy T, RRT

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"Just finished the LindseyJones seminar! Dennis was amazing. He not only gave us the tools we need to study and pass but shared his vast supply of knowledge of respiratory. It is so nice to finally have confidence and a little less stress about taking the boards. Thank You!!! It's amazing how in just 3 days everything becomes so much clearer." Carlton, J

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"I started out with Kettering...it was better than nothing, but it was liad out in a very difficult manner. I've taken the test four times and I failed all four times, so I had about given up. And then a girl told me about LindseyJones. It was great. I was able to learn things in that course that I was never able to understand all throughout my schooling." Loretta B.

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2021 Review Manual - 300+ pages

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11 hours of Lecture by Android and iPhone Apps

Review Manual - 250+ pages

4 Full-length practice exams on-line access

Laminated Rapid Reference Card

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10 hours of Lecture by Android and iPhone Apps

250+ page Review Manual

2 Full-length practice exams on-line access

Lindsey Jones University

Respiratory care programs.

Respiratory Care programs can utilize LindseyJones University to help students gain the exam practice they need while preparing them for their NBRC credentialing exams. Instructors can remotely control access to TMC exams, clinical simulations, and teaching modes at the click of a button at any location conventient to them.

RESPIRATORY CARE GRADUATES

LindseyJones University is a powerful part of the CRT RRT HomeStudy. Enjoy unlimited streaming audio, TMC practice exams with feedback, and clinical simulations in both teaching and testing modes.

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The African country of Ghana occupies a region of what is known as the Ivory Coast, which is found on the western shelf sector of Africa. Through the University of Ghana, the country is improving the quality of healthcare and meeting the specific needs of its communities. In part, this is happening through the founding of a Respiratory Care educational program that seeks to establish the first licensed Respiratory Therapists in Ghana. In fact, RT licensure in Ghana will be a first for all of Africa. The movement is bound to result in improved healthcare, not only in the country but also in the surrounding regions, especially as it relates to respiratory care. Respiratory care students must ultimately challenge a credentialing examination. That's where LindseyJones plays a role.

Here's how YOU can help LindseyJones volunteers time and materials to support the first class of RTs and beyond. We can use your help through a small contribution of $5-10, or more if you can. Funding will be used to cover travel and donated supplies to the RT students at the University of Ghana.

Lindsey Jones Collaborations

Secure practice exams, secure readiness assessment exam (srae).

Powered by LindseyJones Univesity and Amazon Web Service, Secure Readiness Assessment Exams is a tool that will help RT programs ensure their students are ready for their TMC credentialing exams. Choose from multiple exam forms, enjoy reporting against national levels, and easily administer secure assessment exams. For as little as $35 per session, students will gain special practice while instructors will gain an greater understanding of the area that require attention and/or remidiation. Never tried the SRAEs. You can try it now for free for your current cohort

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While first glance leads many to think that Lindsey Jones is the actual person that founded the company, the truth is that the company’s namesake does not represent a single person. In fact, it represents two separate individuals, Dr. Thomas Lindsey and Nadine Jones, both of which are deceased. In 1992, founder Dennis Stanley, then a new respiratory therapist in Texas, gathered a small group of people whose sole purpose was to help respiratory therapy students prepare for and pass their CRT and RRT credentialing examinations. At that time the company formed was called MedEd Health Science Education. As the company grew, eventually its creator found inspiration from two of his own ancestors, Dr. Thomas Lindsey and Nadine Jones.

Dr. Thomas Lindsey was a country doctor who practiced in the rural areas surrounding Little Rock, Arkansas in the early nineteen hundreds. Historical evidence, journals, and Dr. Lindsey’s own medical practice manual reveals a humble man who chose not the normal elite life associated with most physicians at the time., but rather, he provided needed care to farmers and cowmen in the fields of rural Arkansas where financial means for most were minuscule. Among subsistence farmers and herders, Dr. Lindsey often performed medical service in exchange for chickens, jars of jam and jelly, garden corn, and even for hand-stitched repairs in his own and his children’s clothing. Nadine Jones lived in our time. At age 46, while raising 4 children, she decided to attend college for the first time in her life.

She was admitted to a local community college as a freshman. Nadine Jones completed her BS degree in psychology and began pursuit of a Master degree, during which she quickly discovered she had cancer. During her struggle and fight with cancer, she continued on with her educational pursuits, even though some part of her knew she would never finish her degree. She continued because of a deep love and belief in the importance of education. She passed away in 1992, about the time that Dennis Stanley formed the now-called company LindseyJones.

Founder Dennis Stanley is the great great grandson of Dr. Thomas Lindsey and the son of Nadine Jones. Says Stanley, “I’ve always been stirred greatly by these individuals from my past. On the one hand, we have Dr. Lindsey, who gave of his time without regard to compensation while on the other we have Nadine Jones who regarded education so highly that she would pursue it even though she understood on some level that the cancer would likely take her before she could finish”. Because LindseyJones is about medical education, Stanley explains, Dr. Lindsey represents the medical inspiration behind the company while Nadine Jones underlines the company’s chief tenet - the principle that regardless of age and health, one should never stop learning.

Today, Dennis Stanley, BS-RRT, RRT-NPS, RRT-ACCS continues to preside over the thriving company LindseyJones LLC. He maintains a passion for finding new ways to help others gain an understanding of complex medical issues, exercise greater critical thinking skills, and helps others launch into new medical careers. Much of the company’s proceeds are used to fund continued growth and the newly established Thomas Lindsey Memorial Scholarship fund.

Mr. Stanley has worked in the healthcare industry for over 30 years. He has served in several hospital leadership roles and has overseen areas including pathology, laboratory, radiology, dietary, cardiology, and respiratory therapy among others. He is

dennis stanley

currently serving as President of LindseyJones and is the author of three textbooks covering general respiratory therapy, neonatal pediatric, and adult critical care. He most enjoys direct interaction with students. Mr. Stanley is an award-wining public speaker and can be heard in a variety of venues speaking on subjects ranging from Hemodynamics to Healthcare in general.

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For practice problems, it would help to have a driver program to save time. Here is an example of a driver program you could use:

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CSE 1321 Lecture

  • CSE 1321 Lecture

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CSE 1321 Lecture Schedule & Slides

Lecture Slides:

  • Module 0: Welcome to FYE
  • Module 1 Part 1: Algorithms and Abstraction
  • Module 1 Part 2: A Programming Primer, Skeletons and I/O
  • Module 2 Part 1: Variables, Simple and Complex Data Types
  • Module 2 Part 2: - Expressions
  • Module 3: Selection Statements
  • Module 4: Loops and Repetition
  • Module 5: 1D Arrays
  • Module 5: 2D Arrays
  • Module 6: Searching/Sorting Algorithms
  • Module 7: Methods and Data Passing
  • Module 7: Math & String Methods
  • Module 8 Part 1: Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming
  • Module 8 Part 2: Intro to OOP

CSE 1321 Lecture Review

  • Review Part I
  • Review Part II

Lecture Videos

  • Instructor Malcolm's videos
  • Dr. Gesick's Java and C# videos
  • Java Tutorials

Note!  In the Reading Schedule below, you will see a "generic" reading for all students followed by language-specific readings.  The page numbers in the reading schedule are exclusively for the Programming Fundamentals book.  The remaining three books are optional resources.

  • CSE 1321 Reading Schedule for the Programming Fundamentals book

List of books:

  • Lecture: Programming Fundamentals (for all students, lecture and lab)
  • C++ Lab: Think C++ - optional
  • Java Lab: Think Java - optional
  • C# Lab: Fundamentals of Computer Programming with C# - optional

Old Test Questions

The exams that are posted here are only to provide examples of what tests have been given. Disclaimer: Use these as a study guide only.  Test questions and formats will change.

  • Data Types and IO
  • Order of Operations
  • Selection Structures
  • Repetition Structures
  • More Practice Questions
  • C++ Exercises with Solutions
  • Java Exercises with Solutions
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  • Key Differences between C#, C++ and Java

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  1. CSE Study Guide Flashcards

    CSE Study Guide. Share. Flashcards; Learn; Test; Match; Q-Chat; Get a hint. computer. Click the card to flip 👆 ... Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like computer, storage, memory and more.

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    negative. True/False-Everything in the universe is made up of some combination of 118 elements. True. True/False-Normally, atoms have an equal number of protons and electrons and therefore the opposite charges cancel each other out causing the atoms to have a neutral charge. True. An atom with _____________ electrons is positively charge. missing.

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    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Closing volume, Shunt study, Measure % shunt and more.

  5. Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE)

    50+ Diseases to Learn for the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) by John Landry, BS, RRT | Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) Prepare for the clinical simulation exam (CSE) by learning the essential respiratory disorders required to earn a passing score.

  6. How to Pass the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) (2024)

    Passing the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is a requirement for respiratory therapy students to obtain the Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credential. This rigorous exam tests not only theoretical knowledge but also the depth of clinical judgment and decision-making skills in simulated patient care scenarios.

  7. Midterm and Final Exam Study Guides

    Midterm and Final Exam Study Guides | CSE110 | ASU. Midterm and Final Exam Study Guides. Course. Syllabus and Schedule. Important Deadlines. Midterm and Final Exam Study Guides , current location. Student Support. Midterm Exam Study Guide.

  8. Clinical Simulation Examination (CSE)

    The first examination for earning the RRT is the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Examination (prior to January 2015, it was known as the Written Registry Examination). The TMC Examination evaluates the abilities required of respiratory therapists at entry into practice and determines eligibility for the Clinical Simulation Examination (CSE).

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    Practice. Passage-based question 2. This unit provides exam preparation resources, including an overview of the exam format, a guide to practicing for the exam, and a vocabulary review. Get ready to crush the AP Computer Science Principles exam!

  10. 27+ FAQs for the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) (2024)

    The cost to take the Clinical Simulation Exam (CSE) is $200. This fee applies to both new and repeat applicants. Payment is required at the time of application and can be made through the NBRC's online portal or by other accepted payment methods as specified by the NBRC.

  11. Skylar Wurster

    Study guide created by me: CSE 2221 Midterm 1 Review.pdf. Provided on the CSE 2221 homepage is an example midterm. Please read through this and note a few things: The types of questions on the exam. There are multiple choice, tracing tables, short answer, writing code, and tree drawing/comprehension. Notice that on this sample, theres even a ...

  12. CSE Prep

    Welcome to CSEprep.com, the #1 Resource on the Internet for preparing to pass the California Supplemental Exam. My name is David Doucette and I have been helping candidates successfully pass the CSE since 2008 through my powerful Online Coaching Program, seminars, webinars, and study materials. California's #1 resource to help you successfully ...

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