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Bibtex Citation Generator

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  • Select style:
  • Archive material
  • Chapter of an edited book
  • Conference proceedings
  • Dictionary entry
  • Dissertation
  • DVD, video, or film
  • E-book or PDF
  • Edited book
  • Encyclopedia article
  • Government publication
  • Music or recording
  • Online image or video
  • Presentation
  • Press release
  • Religious text

Popular BibTeX generic citation style style Citation Examples

How to cite a book in bibtex generic citation style style.

Use the following template to cite a book using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

Reference List

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

How to cite a Journal in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a journal using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite Film or Movie in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a film or movie using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an Online image or video in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an online image or video using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Website in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a website using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

Additional BibTeX generic citation style style Citation Examples

How to cite a blog in bibtex generic citation style style.

Use the following template to cite a blog using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Court case in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a court case using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Dictionary entry in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a dictionary entry using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an E-book or PDF in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an e-book or pdf using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an Edited book in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an edited book using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an Email in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an email using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an Encyclopedia article in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an encyclopedia article using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite an Interview in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite an interview using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Magazine in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a magazine using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Newspaper in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a newspaper using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Podcast in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a podcast using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a Song in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a song using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite The Bible in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite The Bible using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

How to cite a TV Show in BibTeX generic citation style style

Use the following template to cite a TV Show using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style.

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Bibliography management in LaTeX

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Basic usage
  • 3 The bibliography file
  • 4 Customizing the bibliography
  • 5 Adding the bibliography in the table of contents
  • 6 Reference guide
  • 7 Further reading

Introduction

When it comes to bibliography-management packages, there are three main options in LaTeX: bibtex , natbib and biblatex .

This article explains how to use the biblatex package, to manage and format the bibliography in a LaTeX document. biblatex is a modern option for processing bibliography information, provides an easier and more flexible interface and a better language localization than the other two options.

A minimal working example of the biblatex package is shown below:

BiblatexEx1OLV2.png

There are four bibliography-related commands in this example:

Overleaf provides several templates with pre-defined styles to manage bibliographies. See this link .  Open an example of the biblatex package in Overleaf

Basic usage

Several parameters can be passed to the package import command, as in the following example:

BiblatexExample2OLV2.png

Some extra options, inside brackets and comma-separated, are added when importing biblatex :

The rest of the commands were explained in the introduction .

 Open a more complete biblatex example in Overleaf

The bibliography file

The bibliography files must have the standard bibtex syntax

This file contains records in a special format; for instance, the first bibliographic reference is defined by:

The information in this file can later be printed and referenced within a L a T e X document, as shown in the previous sections, with the command \addbibresource{sample.bib} . Not all the information in the .bib file will be displayed, it depends on the bibliography style set in the document.

Customizing the bibliography

Biblatex allows high customization of the bibliography section with little effort. It was mentioned that several citation styles and bibliography styles are available, and you can also create new ones. Another customization option is to change the default title of the bibliography section.

BiblatexEx3OLV2.png

The additional parameter title={Whole bibliography} passed inside brackets to the command \printbibliography is the one that changes the title.

The bibliography can also be subdivided into sections based on different filters, for instance: print only references from the same author, the same journal or similar title. Below an example.

BiblatexEx4OLV2.png

Here, the bibliography is divided in 4 sections. The syntax of the commands used here is explained below:

Adding the bibliography in the table of contents

For the bibliography the be printed in the table of contents an extra option must be passed to \printbibliography

BiblatexEx5OLV2.png

A section and a subsection are added to the table of contents:

  • In the first case, adding heading=bibintoc adds the title to the table of contents as an unnumbered chapter if possible or as an unnumbered section otherwise.
  • The second case is heading=subbibintoc that adds the title as a second level entry in the table of contents, in this example as a subsection nested in "Whole bibliography".

Reference guide

Supported entry types

Supported entry fields (The printed information depends on the bibliography style)

Bibliography sorting options

For detailed information on these entries and options, see the package documentation.

Further reading

For more information see

  • Biblatex bibliography styles
  • Biblatex citation styles
  • Bibliography management with natbib
  • Bibliography management with bibtex
  • Creating and Managing Bibliographies with BibTeX on Overleaf
  • Biblatex package documentation
  • International language support
  • Table of contents
  • Management in a large project
  • Multi-file LaTeX projects
  • Documentation Home
  • Learn LaTeX in 30 minutes

Overleaf guides

  • Creating a document in Overleaf
  • Uploading a project
  • Copying a project
  • Creating a project from a template
  • Using the Overleaf project menu
  • Including images in Overleaf
  • Exporting your work from Overleaf
  • Working offline in Overleaf
  • Using Track Changes in Overleaf
  • Using bibliographies in Overleaf
  • Sharing your work with others
  • Using the History feature
  • Debugging Compilation timeout errors
  • How-to guides
  • Guide to Overleaf’s premium features

LaTeX Basics

  • Creating your first LaTeX document
  • Choosing a LaTeX Compiler
  • Paragraphs and new lines
  • Bold, italics and underlining

Mathematics

  • Mathematical expressions
  • Subscripts and superscripts
  • Brackets and Parentheses
  • Fractions and Binomials
  • Aligning equations
  • Spacing in math mode
  • Integrals, sums and limits
  • Display style in math mode
  • List of Greek letters and math symbols
  • Mathematical fonts
  • Using the Symbol Palette in Overleaf

Figures and tables

  • Inserting Images
  • Positioning Images and Tables
  • Lists of Tables and Figures
  • Drawing Diagrams Directly in LaTeX
  • TikZ package

References and Citations

  • Bibliography management with biblatex
  • Bibtex bibliography styles
  • Natbib bibliography styles
  • Natbib citation styles
  • Multilingual typesetting on Overleaf using polyglossia and fontspec
  • Multilingual typesetting on Overleaf using babel and fontspec
  • Quotations and quotation marks

Document structure

  • Sections and chapters
  • Cross referencing sections, equations and floats
  • Nomenclatures
  • Lengths in L a T e X
  • Headers and footers
  • Page numbering
  • Paragraph formatting
  • Line breaks and blank spaces
  • Text alignment
  • Page size and margins
  • Single sided and double sided documents
  • Multiple columns
  • Code listing
  • Code Highlighting with minted
  • Using colours in LaTeX
  • Margin notes
  • Font sizes, families, and styles
  • Font typefaces
  • Supporting modern fonts with X Ǝ L a T e X

Presentations

  • Environments

Field specific

  • Theorems and proofs
  • Chemistry formulae
  • Feynman diagrams
  • Molecular orbital diagrams
  • Chess notation
  • Knitting patterns
  • CircuiTikz package
  • Pgfplots package
  • Typesetting exams in LaTeX
  • Attribute Value Matrices

Class files

  • Understanding packages and class files
  • List of packages and class files
  • Writing your own package
  • Writing your own class

Advanced TeX/LaTeX

  • In-depth technical articles on TeX/LaTeX

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LaTeX-Tutorial.com

Bibliography in latex with bibtex/biblatex, learn how to create a bibliography with bibtex and biblatex in a few simple steps. create references / citations and autogenerate footnotes., creating a .bib file, using bibtex.

  • Autogenerate footnotes with BibLaTeX
  • BibTeX Format

BibTeX Styles

  • New Post! Export Bibliographic Database (BibTeX) Entries from Online Databases

We have looked at many features of LaTeX so far and learned that many things are automated by LaTeX. There are functions to add a table of contents, lists of tables and figures and also several packages that allow us to generate a bibliography. I will describe how to use bibtex and biblatex (both external programs) to create the bibliography. At first we have to create a .bib file, which contains our bibliographic information.

A .bib file will contain the bibliographic information of our document. I will only give a simple example, since there are many tools to generate the entries automatically. I will not explain the structure of the file itself at this point, since i suggest using a bibtex generator (choose one from google). Our example will contain a single book and look like this:

If you don’t want to use a BibTeX generator or a reference management tool like Citavi (which generates BibTeX files automatically for you), you can find more examples of BibTeX formats here.

After creating the bibtex file, we have to tell LaTeX where to find our bibliographic database. For BibTeX this is not much different from printing the table of contents. We just need the commands \bibliography  which tells LaTeX the location of our .bib file and \bibliographystyle which selects one of various bibliographic styles.

By using this code, we will obtain something like this:

Image

I named my .bib file lesson7a1.bib, note that I did not enter the .bib extension. For the style, I’ve choosen the ieeetr style, which is very common for my subject, but there are many more styles available. Which will change the way our references look like. The ieeetr style will mark citations with successive numbers such as [1] in this example. If I choose the style to apalike instead, i will get the following result:

Image

Most editors will let you select, to run bibtex automatically on compilation. In TeXworks (MiKTeX) for example, this should be selected by default.

Image

If you use a different editor, it can be necessary to execute the bibtex command manually. In a command prompt/shell simply run:

It is necessary to execute the pdflatex command, before the bibtex command, to tell bibtex what literature we cited in our paper. Afterwards the .bib file will be translated into the proper output for out references section. The next two steps merge the reference section with our LaTeX document and then assign successive numbers in the last step.

Autogenerate footnotes in \(\LaTeX\) using BibLaTeX

The abilities of BibTeX are limited to basic styles as depicted in the examples shown above. Sometimes it is necessary to cite all literature in footnotes and maintaining all of them by hand can be a frustrating task. At this point BibLaTeX kicks in and does the work for us. The syntax varies a bit from the first document. We now have to include the biblatex package and use the \autocite and \printbibliography  command. It is crucial to move the \bibliography{lesson7a1} statement to the preamble of our document:

The \autocite command generates the footnotes and we can enter a page number in the brackets \autocite[1]{DUMMY:1} will generate a footnote like this:

Image

For BibLaTeX we have to choose the citation style on package inclusion with:

The backend=bibtex  part makes sure to use BibTeX instead of Biber as our backend, since Biber fails to work in some editors like TeXworks. It took me a while to figure out how to generate footnotes automatically, because the sources I found on the internet, didn’t mention this at all.

BibTeX Formats

This is not meant to be a comprehensive list of BibTeX formats, but rather give you an idea of how to cite various sources properly. If you’re interested in an extensive overview of all BibTeX formats, I suggest you to check out the resources on Wikibooks.

Journal.png

Inbook (specific pages)

Inbook.png

This is a list of the formats that I have most commonly used. If you think some important format is missing here, please let me know.

Here’s a quick overview of some popular styles to use with BibTeX.

abbrv.png

I’m trying to keep this list updated with other commonly used styles. If you’re missing something here, please let me know.

  • Generate a bibliography with BibTeX and BibLaTeX
  • First define a .bib file using: \bibliography{BIB_FILE_NAME} (do not add .bib)
  • For BibTeX put the \bibliography statement in your document , for BibLaTeX in the preamble
  • BibTeX  uses the \bibliographystyle command to set the citation style
  • BibLaTeX chooses the style as an option like:  \usepackage[backend=bibtex, style=verbose-trad2]{biblatex}
  • BibTeX uses the \cite command, while BibLaTeX uses the \autocite command
  • The \autocite command takes the page number as an option: \autocite[NUM]{}

Next Lesson: 08 Footnotes

Citation Management and Writing Tools: LaTeX and BibTeX

  • LaTeX and BibTeX
  • Other Citation Tools
  • LaTeX & BibTeX & Overleaf
  • Zotero & BibTeX
  • Mendeley & BibTeX
  • JabRef & BibTeX  

LaTeX & BibTeX (& Overleaf)

What is LaTeX?

LaTeX is a typesetting program that takes a plain text file with various commands in it and converts it to a formatted document based on the commands that it has been given. The source file for the document has a file extension of .tex. It is widely used at MIT for theses and other technical papers due to its prowess with mathematical and foreign characters. For more information on LaTeX, see  LaTeX on Athena Basics , provided by the Athena On-Line Help system.

What is BibTeX?

BibTeX is a bibliographic tool that is used with LaTeX to help organize the user's references and create a bibliography. A BibTeX user creates a bibliography file that is separate from the LaTeX source file, wth a file extension of .bib. Each reference in the bibliography file is formatted with a certain structure and is given a "key" by which the author can refer to in the source .tex file.  For more information on BibTeX, see  see MIT IS&T's page:  How do I Create Bibliographies in LaTeX .

Overleaf at MIT

If you're new to LaTeX/BibTeX, consider using Overleaf ,  an online LaTeX and Rich Text collaborative writing and publishing tool. It includes built-in features to link your Zotero or Mendeley library to your LaTeX document .

MIT Libraries provides Overleaf Pro+ accounts for all MIT faculty, students and staff. Learn more on how to get started with Overleaf.  

Zotero & BibTeX

Export from Zotero to BibTeX:

  • To export all of the references in a certain library to BibTeX, click on the Actions drop-down menu in Zotero and select "Export Library..."
  • To export only certain references, select those references using control-clicks and shift-clicks, then right click one of them and select "Export Selected Items..."
  • From the dialog box that pops up, select the BibTeX format, and click OK.
  • Navigate to the directory where you are storing your manuscript (your .tex file), and save the file. This will generate a file in the appropriate format for BibTeX to read and create a bibliography from.

Auto-syncing from Zotero to BibTeX:

Auto-updating your .bib file when you make changes or additions to your Zotero Library is not available directly in Zotero. You can, however, install and enable a Zotero extension,  Better BibTeX , to enable these features. 

  • Once Better BibTeX is enabled, select the folder/library/items you wish to include in your .bib file as you would do in the basic export process described above.
  • In the export dialog box, you will now see many more options for your export format. Select the “Better BibTeX” option, and, to set up the auto sync, make sure you also check the “Keep updated” box.
  • Click Ok, name your .bib file and save in the same location as your LaTeX file.

You can adjust or remove a .bib auto sync of Zotero records at any time by going to your Zotero preferences and clicking on the Better BibTeX tab, followed by the Automatic export tab.

For more detailed instructions on setting up your Zotero export, see the  Zotero and BibTeX Quick Guide .

Linking with Overleaf:

In Overleaf, you can link your entire library or a Group library to your Overleaf project. This link allows you to have synced records with Zotero while actively accessing them in Overleaf. More information on linking your Zotero and Overleaf accounts may be found on this Overleaf How-To Guide .

Mendeley & BibTeX

Export to BibTeX:

  • Within your Library in Mendeley Reference Manager, select the references that you would like to export to BibTeX.
  • In the dropdown menu in the toolbar at the top of the screen, click File > Export All > BibTeX (*.bib)
  • Make sure you save your BibTeX file to the same location as your LaTeX file.

In Overleaf, you can link your entire library or a subset of your records to your Overleaf project. This link allows you to have synced records with Mendeley while actively accessing them in Overleaf. More information on linking your Mendeley and Overleaf accounts may be found on this Overleaf How-To Guide .

JabRef & BibTeX

If you primarily create documents in LaTeX (versus a word processing software like Microsoft Word) you may want to consider using JabRef as your primary citation management software.

JabRef is a reference manager that acts as an interface to the BibTeX style used by the LaTeX typesetting system. JabRef is open source and is freely downloadable. The graphical interface allows the user to easily import, edit, search, and group citations in the BibTeX format. It also offers automatic citation key generation. JabRef does not offer any citation styles of its own; instead the citation is generated from the BibTeX file by LaTeX. Specifications for each style are given by the chosen style file.

JabRef can be used on Windows, Linux, and Mac.

For more detailed instructions on setting up JabRef as your LaTeX citation management software, see the JabRef Getting Started guidance .

Get help with LaTeX and BibTeX

  • Zotero and BibTeX Quick Guide

LaTeX resources at MIT

LaTeX on Athena, Basics  (IS&T)

How do I create bibliographies in LaTeX?  (IS&T)

  • << Previous: Mendeley
  • Next: Other Citation Tools >>
  • Last Updated: Mar 4, 2024 12:55 PM
  • URL: https://libguides.mit.edu/cite-write

BibTeX Guide: Mastering Reference Management for Bibliographies

For those diving into academic or technical writing, BibTeX is an indispensable ally. Despite the intricate details surrounding LaTeX packages, citation styles, and formatting, with a structured approach, BibTeX can be easy to grasp.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references

This guide provides a foundational understanding of BibTeX, helping you set up and use it effectively. While we’ll explore other document systems in subsequent sections, our current focus is on mastering the BibTeX basics.

Understanding BibTeX

Developed in the 1980s by Oren Patashnik and Leslie Lamport, BibTeX has become the go-to software for managing and formatting bibliographies in LaTeX and markdown documents. Its widespread acceptance in academic circles, especially in fields like math, computer science, and physics, is a testament to its efficiency. By storing references in plain text .bib files and associating each with a unique key, BibTeX simplifies citations in the main LaTeX document.

The beauty of BibTeX lies in its versatility. The .bib-file entries can range from articles and books to conference papers, each containing fields like authors, title, journal, volume, and year, tailored to the reference type.

BibTeX eliminates redundancy. Once you’ve detailed a reference in the ‘.bib-file’, simply use its unique key for citations in the LaTeX or Markdown document. During compilation, BibTeX takes care of the formatting, drawing from the .bib file and the style guidelines in the LaTeX document.

Advantages of Using BibTeX

  • Consistency : BibTeX ensures uniform citation styles, minimizing manual errors.
  • Efficiency : Change styles or reuse references without starting from scratch.
  • Flexibility : Compatible with diverse tools, including Pandoc for Markdown.
  • Control : Customize fields and types to fit specific requirements.
  • Reliability : Being text-file based, BibTeX databases are easy to backup and share.

Limitations of BibTeX

While BibTeX is harmonious with LaTeX and Markdown, its integration with Microsoft Word, Libre Office, and Google Docs is somewhat patchy. Workarounds exist, like Bibtex4Word (exclusive to Windows). For frequent users of these platforms, Zotero might be more appropriate.

Moreover, the static nature of BibTeX can be a drawback. Its maintenance is sparse, which might leave users wanting more up-to-date fields or types. And while its format is easily readable, minor errors like a missing parenthesis can disrupt your LaTeX/Pandoc flow. To avoid such pitfalls, consider BibTeX tools like CiteDrive or jabRef , which offer features like duplication prevention.

Biber, BibLaTeX

Please keep some of the alternatives in mind, especially Biber in conjunction with BibLaTeX. It is a complete reimplementation of BibTeX’s bibliographic features; in addition to a large number of supported types and fields, it supports a wide range of customizations, including sorting bibliographies by types, keywords, authors, and other fields, as well as full Unicode and multi-language support and customizations with in-text citations without the need for additional packages, such as natbib. Although BibTeX is still highly regarded for its durability, it should be noted that bibLatex is far more powerful and well-maintained, as many significant BibTeX updates occurred decades ago. Although the tutorial is primarily geared toward BibTeX, much of it also applies to biblatex, making it an excellent place to start. The format remains the same; entries are saved in bib files with additional fields and types. Additional biblatex tutorials can be found on this page.

In a markdown file, you can specify your bibliography ‘.bib-file’in the YAML section for use with citations and in conjunction with Pandoc, which formats your document using Citation Style Language as a formatter and CiteProc as a processesor as a backend. More information is available on their website, or in our guides.

Quick Start Guide

BibTeX, while well-established, is evolving with the rise of Markdown-based systems such as Pandoc, Jupyter, Obsidian, Quarto, and R Markdown. Here’s a brief tutorial on integrating BibTeX with LaTeX. Don’t forget to check out our sections on BibLaTeX and Pandoc.

Preparations

1. install a latex distribution.

If you wish to utilize BibTeX, ensure you have a LaTeX distribution installed:

  • TeX Live and MiKTeX are renowned open-source options.
  • Platforms like Overleaf come pre-packaged, removing the need for manual installations.

2. Organize Your Document Structure

Your project folder might look like this:

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: crafting a .bib file.

  • Create a .bib file named bibliography.bib . This will house your BibTeX entries.
  • Use text editors like Notepad or specialized tools such as CiteDrive or JabRef .
  • A typical BibTeX entry might resemble:

Key Components :

  • Entry-type : E.g., @book .
  • Entry fields : E.g., title , author .
  • Citation-key : E.g., Hemingway1952 (used as \cite{Hemingway1952} in LaTeX).

Step 2: Picking a Style

  • With your .bib file ready, select a citation style.
  • Use the \bibliographystyle{style-name} command in LaTeX to specify your chosen style, omitting the .bst extension.
  • Common styles include: plain , alpha , unsrt , abbrv , ieee , apalike , apa , and acm .

Step 3: Integrating with LaTeX

  • Embed your references within a LaTeX document:

Upon compilation, the \cite{Hemingway1952} command will be replaced with a relevant citation.

Tool Recommendations

Managing BibTeX entries manually can be cumbersome. Here are some tools to simplify the process:

  • CiteDrive : A web-based, collaborative tool offering seamless export functionalities to Overleaf and R Markdown.
  • Zotero : A powerful, free reference manager. For optimal BibTeX integration, consider the Better BibTeX For Zotero plugin.
  • JabRef : An open-source, BibTeX-centric reference manager available across major operating systems.

Entry Types

Next to @book from our example above, BibTeX supports a wide range of reference types, including journal articles, theses, conference papers, and much more. Here’s a list of some of the most commonly used reference types in BibTeX:

  • @article : used for articles in journals or magazines
  • @book : used for complete books
  • @inbook : used for chapters in a book
  • @incollection : used for articles in a collection
  • @inproceedings : used for conference or workshop papers
  • @phdthesis : used for PhD theses
  • @mastersthesis : used for Master’s theses
  • @techreport : used for technical reports
  • @manual : used for software manuals or guides

Entry fields

For each reference type, you’ll need to provide a set of fields that describe the reference. The ones you’ll need are determined by the type of reference and citation style you’re using. For example, a @article reference will typically include fields for the author, title, journal, year, volume, and pages.

  • author : the author of the reference
  • title : the title of the reference
  • journal : the name of the journal or magazine
  • year : the year the reference was published
  • volume : the volume number of the journal or book
  • pages : the page numbers of the reference
  • booktitle : the title of the book in which the reference was published (for @inbook and @incollection references)
  • editor : the editor of the book in which the reference was published (for @book references)
  • series : the series in which the book was published (for @book references)
  • chapter : the chapter number of the reference (for @inbook references)
  • address : the address of the publisher
  • edition : the edition of the book
  • publisher : the name of the publisher
  • school : the name of the school at which the thesis was written (for @phdthesis and @mastersthesis references)
  • institution : the name of the institution that published the report (for @techreport references)
  • howpublished : any special instructions for publishing the reference
  • note : any additional notes about the reference

It is important to note that not all citation styles support all reference types and fields, but you should enter as much information into your BibTeX database as accurately and completely as possible. This ensures that your references are formatted correctly and that the information is correct. Fields that are not supported are simply ignored, so the more, the better. You should double-check any journal requirements.

Getting Started with LaTeX

  • Installation
  • Creating a document
  • A sample document
  • Library Workshop Files

Introduction

Since LaTeX is often used to create academic works that will cite many different sources it is important to know how to create a bibliography in LaTeX.  With a little practice and the help of a citation management creating LaTeX bibliographies can be very easy. 

It is strongly recommend that you use a citation management tool, not only to help create LaTeX bibliographies, but to help organize and track articles, books, and other documents throughout your academic career.  For more information about citation management tools take a look at the Citation Management Guide .

Important note:  When creating a bibliography you will need to compile the document twice in order to create properly formatted references.

Creating a Bibliography

There are two parts to creating a bibliography in a LaTeX document.  

Part one is the creation of a separate  .bib file.

This file contains all of the citation information (i.e. title, author, publication date, publisher, etc... ), as will as, a bibID for each citation.  It is strongly recommended to use a citation management tool to create your .bib files.  Those tools will greatly speed up the process and help keep the file organized, generate automatic bibIDs ( which can be edited if desired), and auto fill all relevant data fields which will prevent typos or bugs within the file.  Below is an example of the .bib format for four different common references if you choose to entire them yourself.  Note that not all fields are required and any unused field should be deleted .   The  bibID  is what is used in the main  LaTeX  document to create in-line  references  as well as completed bibliographies.  When  creating  the final  bibliography   LaTeX  will only include citations that were  referenced  in the  document , so its ok to have unused citations in your  .bib  file .

Part two is integrating the information from the.bib file into your main LaTeX document.  

The three ways for doing so are using BibTex , BibTex with natbib , or BibLaTeX .  The hyperlinks will take you to explanation of each method from sharelatex.com.  Both BibTex with natbib and BibLaTeX have the advantage of optional arguments because they require a  \usepackage[]{} command.  These optional arguments can be used to fine tune how references appear throughout the document and the formatting of the bibliography.   Below is a table that highlights some of the important difference for each method.  

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  • Next: Exercises >>
  • Last Updated: Oct 10, 2023 12:53 PM
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Citation Management Tools: BibTeX

  • Get Started
  • Add to Your Library
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BibTeX Reference Formatting

B ib T E X references are formatted in the following style:

@type { unique_identifier ,    field1 = "value",    field2 = "value",    field3 = "value",     ... }

Field values can either be enclosed in quotes, as above, or in curly braces (e.g.  field1 = {value} )

The  @type  field identifies the type of resource. Common types include:

  • @conference (or @proceedings )
  • @inbook (book chapter/section)
  • @mastersthesis
  • @misc (outside the normal categories, used for websites)

Various fields are available to use. Standard ones include:

  • author (i.e. city)
  • address  

BibTeX Basics

B ib T E X is the bibliographic side of L A T E X.  Technically speaking, B ib T E X is a specific program which  processes bibliographic data and interfaces between . tex  and .bib files.  However, it is used as a catch-all term for a number of L A T E X  bibliographic tools with  similar functionality. Collectively, these tools get lumped into the term “B ib T E X.”  In essence “using B ib T E X” has come to mean managing references in a .bib file, rather than doing them by hand.

Every B ib T E X citation needs a unique identifier. This is the first item after the opening curly brace, as shown in the example to the left. A best practice is to use a standard system for assigning identifiers, such as the author's last name and year (e.g. sackson1969 ).

Though they all work similarly, each bibliographic tool in  L A T E X has its own syntax. The UPenn dissertation template  uses the  natbib  package, in which the standard citation command is \citep{ identifier } . As an example, suppose you want to cite the following reference:

@book{  engel1961,    author = "Leonard Engel",    title = "Medicine Makers of Kalamazoo",    publisher = "McGraw-Hill",    address = "New York",    year = "1961" }

In your .tex file, use the command \citep{ engel1961 } . By default, the citation will be display as [Engel, 1961] . If you are using the UPenn dissertation template, the citations are pre-formatted, so it will instead display as (Engel, 1961) .

In order to use natbib , you must first add the proper commands to your .tex file. ( NOTE: If you are using the UPenn dissertation template, these commands are already included, so you can skip this step. ) There are three standard commands. The first two go in the preamble:

\usepackage{ natbib } \bibliographystyle{ plainnat }

And the last one goes just before the \end{ document }  command:

\bibliography{ filename }

Note that the filename does not include the .bib  extension.

There are various ways to customize your references and citations. Ample documentation can be found on Overleaf and elsewhere.

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Helpful Links

  • Overleaf (natbib) Overleaf's information about bibliography management with natbib.
  • Linking Overleaf to Mendeley/Zotero Overleaf's information about linking to citation management programs.
  • UPenn Dissertation Template The official UPenn dissertation template.
  • LaTeX LibGuide Penn Libraries' LibGuide about using LaTeX.
  • Penn Libraries LaTeX Instruction A series of instructional videos demonstrating how to use LaTeX.
  • << Previous: Style Manuals and Citation Guides
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  • URL: https://guides.library.upenn.edu/citationmgmt

The 14 BibTeX entry types

Possibly the most difficult aspect of using BibTeX to manage bibliographies is deciding what entry type to use for a reference source. We list all the 14 BibTeX entry types including their description on when to use.

An article from a journal, magazine, newspaper, or periodical.

BibTeX example: article citation style abbrv

A book where the publisher is clearly identifiable.

BibTeX example: book citation style abbrv

A printed work that is bound, but does not have a clearly identifiable publisher or supporting institution.

BibTeX example: booklet citation style abbrv

An article that has been included in conference proceedings. See inproceedings for details.

A section, such as a chapter, or a page range within a book.

BibTeX example: inbook citation style abbrv

  • incollection

A titled section of a book. Such as a short story within the larger collection of short stories that make up the book.

BibTeX example: incollection citation style abbrv

  • inproceedings

A paper that has been published in conference proceedings. The usage of conference and inproceedings is the same. The conference entry was included for Scribe compatibility.

BibTeX example: inproceedings citation style abbrv

A technical manual for a machine software such as would come with a purchase to explain operation to the new owner.

BibTeX example: manual citation style abbrv

  • mastersthesis

A thesis written for the Master’s level degree.

BibTeX example: mastersthesis citation style abbrv

Used if none of the other entry types quite match the source. Frequently used to cite web pages, but can be anything from lecture slides to personal notes.

BibTeX example: misc citation style abbrv

A thesis written for the PhD level degree.

BibTeX example: phdthesis citation style abbrv

  • proceedings

A conference proceeding.

BibTeX example: proceedings citation style abbrv

An institutionally published report such as a report from a school, a government organization, an organization, or a company. This entry type is also frequently used for white papers and working papers.

BibTeX example: techreport citation style abbrv

  • unpublished

A document that has not been officially published such as a paper draft or manuscript in preparation.

BibTeX example: unpublished citation style abbrv

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Cite a Journal in BIBTEX

- powered by chegg, check your paper before your teacher does, avoid plagiarism — quickly check for missing citations and check for writing mistakes., is your source credible don’t forget to consider these factors., purpose : reason the source exists.

  • Is the point of the information to inform, persuade, teach, or sell?
  • Do the authors/publishers make their intentions clear?
  • Does the information appear to be fact or opinion?
  • Does the point of view seem impartial? Do they identify counter-arguments?

Authority - Author: Source of the information

  • Who is the author? What are their credentials or qualifications?
  • What makes the author qualified to write on this topic?
  • Is there clearly defined contact information for the author?

Authority - Publisher: Source of the information

  • Who is the publisher? Is it a non-profit, government agency, or organization? How might this affect their point of view?
  • What makes the publisher qualified to generate works on this subject?
  • What can the URL tell you about the publisher? For instance, .gov may signify that it is a government agency.

Relevance : Importance of the information to your topic

Currency : timeliness of the information.

  • When was the information published? When was it last updated? Does it reflect the most current information available?
  • How does your topic fit in with this source’s publication date? Do you need current information to make your point or do older sources work better?

Comprehensiveness

  • Does the source present one or multiple viewpoints on your topic?
  • Does the source present a large amount of information on the topic? Or is it short and focused?
  • Are there any points you feel may have been left out, on purpose or accidentally, that affect its comprehensiveness?
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Computer Science > Computation and Language

Title: realm: reference resolution as language modeling.

Abstract: Reference resolution is an important problem, one that is essential to understand and successfully handle context of different kinds. This context includes both previous turns and context that pertains to non-conversational entities, such as entities on the user's screen or those running in the background. While LLMs have been shown to be extremely powerful for a variety of tasks, their use in reference resolution, particularly for non-conversational entities, remains underutilized. This paper demonstrates how LLMs can be used to create an extremely effective system to resolve references of various types, by showing how reference resolution can be converted into a language modeling problem, despite involving forms of entities like those on screen that are not traditionally conducive to being reduced to a text-only modality. We demonstrate large improvements over an existing system with similar functionality across different types of references, with our smallest model obtaining absolute gains of over 5% for on-screen references. We also benchmark against GPT-3.5 and GPT-4, with our smallest model achieving performance comparable to that of GPT-4, and our larger models substantially outperforming it.

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How to give kids autonomy? 'Anxious Generation' author says a license to roam helps

Michaeleen Doucleff 2016 square

Michaeleen Doucleff

cite references bibtex

The author's 8-year-old daughter Rosy has a 'kids' license,' showing she has her parents' permission to ride her bike around her Texas hometown. Michaeleen Doucleff hide caption

The author's 8-year-old daughter Rosy has a 'kids' license,' showing she has her parents' permission to ride her bike around her Texas hometown.

American kids are being walloped by a hurtful combination, says social psychologist Jonathan Haidt : too much screen time and too little autonomy.

In his new book, The Anxious Generation , Haidt argues that these two key factors have combined to cause the mental health crisis now facing America's teenagers. A study by the health policy research organization KFF shows that 1 in 5 adolescents reports symptoms of anxiety and depression. Haidt's book offers a series of recommendations for flipping both of these factors around.

The Anxious Generation, by Jonathan Haidt

For example, Haidt gives this advice to parents of children ages 6 to 13: "Practice letting your kids out of your sight without them having a way to reach you. While you cook dinner for your friends, send your kids out with theirs to the grocery store to pick up more garlic — even if you don't need it."

But as many parents know, granting kids more autonomy while delaying access to smartphones can be way tougher than it sounds.

Parents confront resistance from many directions: school policies, neighbors, other parents and even the law. Some parents have even faced prosecution . So I wanted to talk with Haidt, who is a professor at New York University's Stern School of Business, about the details of implementing some of his recommendations.

I started our conversation by telling him a story about my daughter, who was 7 at the time:

This conversation has been edited for length and clarity.

Last summer, my husband and I taught our daughter to walk or ride her bike to the local market on her own. Within a few months, police had stopped her not once, but twice. The first time, they brought her home in the back of the police car, which scared her quite a lot.

How do you give children more independence when our law enforcement, our neighborhood and our communities aren't used to it?

Parents need to act collectively:

Step 1: We need to change laws in states to make it explicit that giving your kids independence cannot be taken as evidence of neglect on its own. We've already passed that law in eight states [Utah, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Virginia, Connecticut, Illinois and Montana]. It's being considered in many others.

Step 2: We then have to change group-level norms. And we can do that with what's called the Let Grow Experience . You encourage your elementary school administrators to download the materials from Let Grow [a nonprofit organization that Haidt co-founded to foster childhood independence]. That material gives teachers instructions for assigning kids a specific type of homework. Teachers tell children, "Go home, talk with your parents and find something that you think you can do, but you've never been allowed to do before. Something you think you can do by yourself."

Like going to the store on their bike a few blocks away?

Exactly. Children agree with parents on what the task is. And then the child does this type of assignment once a month for six months.

The brilliant part of this challenge is that it changes the norms. Before you know it, it's normal to see an 8-year-old carrying a quart of milk. It's normal to see a 9-year-old on a bicycle — that's how you change the norms.

So after the second police incident, we actually went to the Let Grow website and printed out the little licenses that kids can carry, saying that their parents have given them permission to walk around town. And our daughter loved that.

Oh good! That was my invention.

Well, thank you. It worked well. We actually thought about going to the police with other parents and discussing how we want our children to walk and ride around the neighborhood without problems.

Oh, I should have put that in the book. So, yeah, once the school does the Let Grow Experience, you can get 10 parents to go into the police station and say, "Here's what we want to do with our kids. And we want to make sure there's no trouble with it."

So your tween wants a smartphone? Read this first

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So your tween wants a smartphone read this first.

In your book, you also recommend waiting to give children smartphones until at least high school. As a parent, I'm already hearing parents talk about giving their 9-year-olds a smartphone. How do you even broach the subject with other parents about delaying, without sounding judgy or angering them? I worry that I'll hurt the friendship between our children.

Why not suggest that the 9-year-olds have a flip phone that only has the ability to make phone calls and text? No access to the internet.

Parents think the only option is a smartphone or no phone at all. That's what I thought. So I gave my son my old smartphone when he was in fourth grade and started walking to school. It didn't occur to me to give him a more basic phone. So that was just a failure of imagination. And it's funny because most of the parents now are millennials who grew up with flip phones. The flip phones let them connect. It did not harm them. I see no evidence that flip phones harmed millennials. So just give the 9-year-old a flip phone.

So flip phones allow parents to communicate with their children while they're away from home without giving them access to the internet and all the risks associated with it, such as the risk of bringing strangers into their lives.

Yes, it's really internet-linked devices that allow companies [and strangers] to reach your child directly. And that's really, really a bad thing.

Gosh, I hope it will be that easy to get many parents to go along with this and switch to flip phones. I know I will try.

To change things, we need coordinated action, like this. Parents feel hopeless right now. But they shouldn't feel that way. Things are going to change very quickly because we all want them to change.

Last question: The Anxious Generation focuses on smartphones, especially during middle school. But for many younger children, iPads and game consoles can consume nearly all their time out of school. Is there a developmental trajectory in which children develop screen-based habits at a very young age so that when they do have a phone, it's hard to regulate because long screen times have become a habit?

What you're describing is what I call a phone-based child. It doesn't start with the first smartphone. It starts with the first screens. When I say phone in the book, I don't just mean the smartphone — I mean every internet-enabled device.

If we're going to keep all of our kids alone in our houses because we're afraid to let them explore their neighborhood autonomously, then they're going to get bored. But if we make much more effort to have them spend time with other kids without screens, guess what? They'll figure out a game to play. If you send them outside, they'll figure out something to do. You know, in the '60s and '70s, there were crime waves, but parents still sent their kids outside to play. Today many parts of the country are much safer, and yet we're so afraid to let children go outside. If we're going to take away screens from children, then we have to give them freedom outside too.

The truth about teens, social media and the mental health crisis

The truth about teens, social media and the mental health crisis

This story was edited by Jane Greenhalgh.

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cite references bibtex

Dodgers Announcer Didn't Understand His Own 'Mercury Retrograde' Reference

  • Author: Mike McDaniel

In this story:

Joe Davis, Spectrum SportsNet's play-by-play announcer for the Los Angeles Dodgers , had baseball fans completely confused by a tense eighth inning moment during Friday night's contest between the Dodgers and San Diego Padres .

With the score tied at seven, Dodgers shortstop Chris Taylor hit a rope down the third base line that snuck under the glove of Padres third baseman Tyler Wade.

What came next was total confusion:

"It gets under the glove of Wade. Mercury retrograde. Whatever that means." - Joe Davis. pic.twitter.com/iuow1ei2W6 — Awful Announcing (@awfulannouncing) April 13, 2024

"It gets under the glove of Wade. Mercury Retrograde!" Davis exclaimed.

Davis's broadcasting partner Eric Karros chuckled in laughter, before Davis chimed back in.

"Whatever that means. Go-ahead run is aboard here in the eighth."

As it turns out, a planet in retrograde means that "from the perspective of earth, a planet's motion across the sky goes backwards night after night compared to its usual direction for a period of time." This phenomenon happens to Mercury three or four times per year.

Now Davis, Karros and baseball fans everywhere have familiarized themselves with a solar system concept that non-astronomers likely knew very little about.

Who knew that the lesson would come as a result of an April baseball game between the Dodgers and the Padres?

San Diego won the game 8-7 in extra innings.

Latest NCAAB News

Jan 13, 2024; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA; Oklahoma City Thunder guard Shai Gilgeous-Alexander (2) smiles after scoring against the Orlando Magic during the first quarter at Paycom Center. Mandatory Credit: Alonzo Adams-USA TODAY Sports

Former Kentucky Wildcats are favorites or near the top for every important NBA Award

Indiana State Sycamores center Robbie Avila (21) recovers a rebound from Southern Methodist Mustangs guard Emory Lanier (24) on Wednesday, March 20, 2024, during the first round of the NIT at the Hulman Center in Terre Haute.

Minnesota to face No. 1 Indiana State in NIT second round

USATSI_22793092_168388606_lowres

Louisville Men's Basketball Head Coach Hot Board 2.0

Rams guard Zek Montgomery heads to the floor after trying to drive between Bulldog defenders John Poulakidas and Danny Wolf in the first half.

The Auburn Tigers need to watch out for these two Yale stars

Graham Ike

2024 NCAA Tournament: How to watch Gonzaga Bulldogs vs. McNeese State Cowboys, live stream, TV channel for first round matchup

How Arizona Senate candidate Kari Lake has shifted her abortion stance

cite references bibtex

In 2022, Republican candidate Kari Lake, who was vying to be governor, called abortion the “ultimate sin” and praised a 160-year-old Arizona measure that virtually outlawed abortion as “a great law.”

In 2024, Lake, now vying to be a U.S. senator, has evolved in her stance. After the Arizona state Supreme Court ruled on Tuesday that the 1864 law can be revived, Lake said the decision was “out of step with Arizonans.”

Lake, a former television news anchor who narrowly lost her 2022 gubernatorial race to Katie Hobbs (D), has been striking a different tone on reproductive rights as the issue shapes up to be an animating force this election cycle. The spotlight has been strong on Arizona since the court ruled that the near-total ban, which was enacted even before Arizona became a state , can be enforced.

The ruling, which is not yet in effect, would outlaw the procedure except to save a pregnant person’s life. Health-care providers who perform abortions could be punished with prison time, though Arizona’s attorney general, Democrat Kris Mayes, has vowed not to enforce any ban. The decision has sent shock waves throughout the battleground state and could jeopardize Republican hopes of picking up a seat in the U.S. Senate. Lake is expected to face Democratic Rep. Ruben Gallego in the November general election.

Since Tuesday’s ruling, Lake has called on Hobbs and the GOP-led state legislature to come together on a solution. In a 5½-minute campaign video released Thursday, Lake sought to appeal to the majority of the state, saying the near-total abortion ban — which invokes an 1864 law that states that anyone who administers an abortion could face a mandatory prison sentence of two years to five years — is “out of line with where the people of this state are.”

In the video, Lake declared that if elected to the Senate, she would not support federal funding for abortions nor would she support a federal abortion ban. She expressed support for abortion exceptions in the case of rape, incest or threat to the life of the pregnant person, and also noted that she wants other those who are pregnant to have “more choices” — but did not get into specifics.

“I chose life, but I’m not every woman. I want to make sure that every woman who finds herself pregnant has more choices so that she can make that choice that I made,” she said.

Along with outlining her position on abortion, Lake also expressed her support for what she called a “baby bonus” — providing tax incentives for individuals who get married and lowering their tax rate for each child born. Throughout the video, Lake repeatedly associated her stance on the abortion issue with former president Donald Trump — who continues to poll ahead of President Biden in Arizona.

When asked for comment, Lake’s campaign referred The Washington Post to the video posted Thursday.

Trump has found himself having to shift on abortion, especially this election cycle. Just a day before the Arizona ruling came out, Trump said states should make their own decisions about regulating abortion. But then he criticized the Arizona court for reinstating an abortion law he said goes too far.

Lake was also among a long list of GOP politicians who had declared that they believe life begins at conception.

But ever since Roe v. Wade was overturned nationally two years ago, Arizona has been confronted with how to change its laws. Since December 2022, the state has allowed doctors to provide abortions up to 15 weeks into a pregnancy, with exceptions for medical emergencies.

Then came an Alabama Supreme Court ruling in February that declared that frozen embryos should be considered children, prompting many providers of in vitro fertilization to temporarily halt the procedure as they weighed the consequences of the decision. The Alabama ruling prompted many Republicans — including Lake and members of Congress who had signed on to legislation declaring that life begins at conception — to express their support for in vitro fertilization.

Now Arizona voters are poised to consider whether to amend the state’s constitution to enshrine abortion rights in November. Polls show that a majority of Arizona voters want abortion to be legal and many say it’s an issue that motivates their voting decision.

An October New York Times-Siena College poll found that 59 percent of Arizona registered voters said abortion should be mostly or always legal; 34 percent said it should be mostly or always illegal. In a Fox News poll from March , 39 percent of Arizona voters said abortion would be extremely important in deciding their vote for president, and 32 percent said it would be very important. Those who supported Biden in 2020 were nearly twice as likely to say the issue would be extremely important in their vote, 51 percent to 27 percent.

Arizona’s ruling — and Republicans’s response to it — have again highlighted the electoral challenge the GOP faces over their party’s record on abortion and reproductive rights.

So far, access to abortion in the post- Roe era has been a winning stance for Democrats, and ballot measures to expand abortion access have been successful, even in Republican-dominated states. At the same time, Republicans like Lake are finding they have had to revisit what they’ve said about the issue in the past.

During a Republican gubernatorial debate in 2022, when Lake expressed support for the 1864 law, she added that abortion pills should be illegal and said she believes life begins at conception.

“My personal belief is that all life matters. All life counts, and all life is precious, and I don’t believe in abortion,” she said then. “I think the older law is going to take and is going to go into effect. That’s what I believe will happen.”

Lake also told “The Conservative Circus with James T. Harris” in a radio interview in 2022 that she supported a law that prohibits abortions with exceptions to save the life of the mother.

“I’m incredibly thrilled that we are going to have a great law that’s already on the books,” Lake said , adding that “it will prohibit abortion in Arizona except to save the life of a mother. And I think we’re going to be paving the way and setting course for other states to follow.”

Lake, who remains the front-runner ahead of the state’s GOP primary this summer, will then probably face off against Gallego, a member of Congress from Phoenix. He and other Democrats are seizing the opportunity to attack her shifting comments on the issue.

Speaking to reporters before appearing alongside Vice President Harris at a campaign rally in Tucson on Friday, Gallego seized on the importance of abortion rights to voters, saying abortion access was “the number one political issue” in Arizona.

Gallego and Harris both blamed Trump for what’s happening in Arizona, connecting the new near-total abortion ban to Trump’s appointment of conservative U.S. Supreme Court justices who ultimately overturned Roe in 2022.

“The overturning of Roe was, without any question, a seismic event — and this ban here in Arizona is one of the biggest aftershocks yet,” Harris said.

Lake may also be losing some of her core supporters and antiabortion activists as she struggles for a more moderate message. Steve Deace, an Iowa-based conservative talk show host, wrote on X this week that he was “extremely disappointed” by Lake’s opposition to the ruling. “In 2022, I thought Kari Lake was one of the best candidates I’ve ever seen, and said so. Now she is almost completely unrecognizable from the candidate she was then, just two years later,” he wrote.

Kim Owens, who has long been involved with the Arizona Republican Party, also said she was disappointed by Lake’s recent statements.

“If you are pro-life and you’re looking at the landscape and you recognize that this is something we’ve been fighting for decades and that the fight continues, in Arizona we’re faced with a ballot proposition that is an abomination,” Owens said.

Owens, who supports Lake’s GOP primary competitor in the Senate race Mark Lamb, a sheriff, said she thinks Lake is “trying to go outside of her base” to attract more voters.

“I think she understands that she does not have the allure she once did. She’s seen the numbers. Mark Lamb is picking up a lot of support from party faithful, and she’s afraid she’s going to lose her base,” she said.

Mariana Alfaro, Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, Molly Hennessy-Fiske and Sabrina Rodriguez contributed to this report.

Election 2024

Get the latest news on the 2024 election from our reporters on the campaign trail and in Washington.

Who is running? President Biden and Donald Trump secured their parties’ nominations for the presidency , formalizing a general-election rematch.

Key dates and events: From January to June, voters in all states and U.S. territories will pick their party’s nominee for president ahead of the summer conventions. Here are key dates and events on the 2024 election calendar .

Abortion and the election: Voters in a dozen states in this pivotal election year could decide the fate of abortion rights with constitutional amendments on the ballot. Biden supports legal access to abortion , and he has encouraged Congress to pass a law that would codify abortion rights nationwide. After months of mixed signals about his position, Trump said the issue should be left to states . Here’s how Trump’s abortion stance has shifted over the years.

  • Harris, in Arizona, hammers Trump on abortion policy April 12, 2024 Harris, in Arizona, hammers Trump on abortion policy April 12, 2024
  • In Arizona, Democrats remind voters Trump, GOP led to revival of abortion ban April 12, 2024 In Arizona, Democrats remind voters Trump, GOP led to revival of abortion ban April 12, 2024
  • What Donald Trump wants in his next vice president — and who he’s considering April 12, 2024 What Donald Trump wants in his next vice president — and who he’s considering April 12, 2024

cite references bibtex

IMAGES

  1. BibTeX ama bibliography style [examples]

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  2. Natbib Tutorial: Mastering Reference Management in LaTeX with BibTeX

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  3. Biblatex citation styles

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  5. Using Google Scholar to download BibTeX citations

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VIDEO

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  4. How to Download the References from Pubmed and Science Direct to EndNote || EndNote Tutorial # 1

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COMMENTS

  1. Bibliography management with bibtex

    By default, this thebibliography environment is a numbered list with labels [1], [2] and so forth. If the document class used is article, \begin{thebibliography} automatically inserts a numberless section heading with \refname (default value: References).If the document class is book or report, then a numberless chapter heading with \bibname (default value: Bibliography) is inserted instead.

  2. Bibtex Citation Generator

    How to cite a Blog in BibTeX generic citation style style. Use the following template to cite a blog using the BibTeX generic citation style citation style. Reference List. Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment. Template:

  3. Bibliography management in LaTeX

    Introduction. When it comes to bibliography-management packages, there are three main options in LaTeX: bibtex, natbib and biblatex. This article explains how to use the biblatex package, to manage and format the bibliography in a LaTeX document.biblatex is a modern option for processing bibliography information, provides an easier and more flexible interface and a better language localization ...

  4. Bibliography in LaTeX with Bibtex/Biblatex

    Summary. Generate a bibliography with BibTeX and BibLaTeX. First define a .bib file using: \bibliography {BIB_FILE_NAME} (do not add .bib) For BibTeX put the \bibliography statement in your document, for BibLaTeX in the preamble. BibTeX uses the \bibliographystyle command to set the citation style.

  5. Citation Management and Writing Tools: LaTeX and BibTeX

    BibTeX is a bibliographic tool that is used with LaTeX to help organize the user's references and create a bibliography. A BibTeX user creates a bibliography file that is separate from the LaTeX source file, wth a file extension of .bib. Each reference in the bibliography file is formatted with a certain structure and is given a "key" by which ...

  6. BibTeX format explained [with examples]

    BibTeX is reference management software for formatting reference lists and in-text citations in combination with the typesetting system LaTeX. The reference entries are stored in BibTeX's own special format, which is usually denoted with the file extension *.bib. Managing your references with BibTeX comes in especially handy for large ...

  7. BibTeX Guide: Mastering Reference Management for Bibliographies

    Upon compilation, the \cite{Hemingway1952} command will be replaced with a relevant citation.. Tool Recommendations. Managing BibTeX entries manually can be cumbersome. Here are some tools to simplify the process: CiteDrive: A web-based, collaborative tool offering seamless export functionalities to Overleaf and R Markdown.; Zotero: A powerful, free reference manager.

  8. PDF Citing and referencing in LaTeX using BibTeX

    choose to maintain one master or a series of BibTeX files) • Many databases and reference management softwares allow automatic export of reference details as BibTeX files (in some cases bulk export of multiple references is possible) A typical BibTeX record looks like this (quotes may be used around data rather than brackets): 1.

  9. Citing References

    Citing with BibTeX. The basic command used to cite references stored in . bib files is the \cite {citation_key} command where citation_key is the unique identifier associated with the entry in the . bib file. To cite the Fenn article noted on the front page of this guide, the command would look like this:

  10. Citation Styles in LaTeX

    In general, the BibTeX export will be located in either an "export" or "cite" menu just above your search results. The cite menu is sometimes activated with an icon that looks like a quotation mark. It can be more effective to use a reference management tool like Zotero to manage your references, so we recommend taking a look at that tab for ...

  11. BibMe: Free BIBTEX Bibliography & Citation Maker

    Accuracy is the reliability and truthfulness of the source. Here are a few indicators of an accurate source: Citations or a works cited list. For websites, this can be links to other credible sites. Evidence that backs up claims made by the author (s). Text that is free of spelling and grammatical errors. Information that matches that in other ...

  12. Research Guides: Getting Started with LaTeX: BibTex

    Introduction. Since LaTeX is often used to create academic works that will cite many different sources it is important to know how to create a bibliography in LaTeX. With a little practice and the help of a citation management creating LaTeX bibliographies can be very easy. It is strongly recommend that you use a citation management tool, not ...

  13. BibTeX

    BibTEX is the bibliographic side of LATEX. Technically speaking, BibTEX is a specific program which processes bibliographic data and interfaces between .tex and .bib files. However, it is used as a catch-all term for a number of LATEX bibliographic tools with similar functionality. Collectively, these tools get lumped into the term "BibTEX.".

  14. Complete list of BibTeX entry types [with examples]

    The 14 BibTeX entry types. Possibly the most difficult aspect of using BibTeX to manage bibliographies is deciding what entry type to use for a reference source. We list all the 14 BibTeX entry types including their description on when to use. article. An article from a journal, magazine, newspaper, or periodical.

  15. What are good sites to find citations in BibTex format?

    When working with Bibtex, manually transferring the citation information for articles, prooceedings, books, etc. can be a tedious work. Some web sites provide citations in Bibtex format. ... This is used by programs such as refbase for exporting references in BibTeX format. Indeed, rather than a piecemeal approach, I would recommend using a ...

  16. BibMe: Generate BIBTEX journal citations for your bibliography

    BIBTEX Citation Generator >. Cite a Journal. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.

  17. How do I cite range of references using latex and bibtex

    8. If you're using biblatex, you can use the numeric-comp style (see Section 3.3.1 of the documentation) \usepackage[style=numeric-comp]{biblatex} This will sort (and compress) the numbers inside the citation [8, 3, 1, 7, 2], becomes [1-3, 7, 8] Additionally, if you want the citations to be numbered in the order they appear in the text, you ...

  18. Citing a Website in BIBTEX

    BIBTEX Citation Generator >. Cite a Website. Citation Machine® helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free.

  19. Online Bibtex Converter

    This site converts a BibTex (*.json *.bib) file or text to a formatted Bibliography, with supports for a wide range of CSL style: (APA, Harvard, IEEE, Elsevier, Springer, ACM, ACS, MLA), and if you want to add a CSL style outside of this set you could click on the Add Custom Style button then enter style name with CSL code, this will be stored ...

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    Reference resolution is an important problem, one that is essential to understand and successfully handle context of different kinds. This context includes both previous turns and context that pertains to non-conversational entities, such as entities on the user's screen or those running in the background. While LLMs have been shown to be extremely powerful for a variety of tasks, their use in ...

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    Kids have too much screen time and not enough autonomy, says author Jonathan Haidt. His book The Anxious Generation argues this has caused an epidemic of mental illness and suggests ways to fix it.

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    The month was 1.68°C warmer than an estimate of the March average for 1850-1900, the designated pre-industrial reference period. The global-average temperature for the past twelve months (April 2023 - March 2024) is the highest on record, at 0.70°C above the 1991-2020 average and 1.58°C above the 1850-1900 pre-industrial average.

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